13 - HIV. Female sex workers have high rates of STD’s....

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. General Introduction The approach to ID requires some degree of detective work ala Bertrand Roche, some knowledge of epidemiology, knowledge of microbiology, and immunology as well as good diagnostic skills. Infections occur in all parts of the body so from a pathophysiologic perspective one needs to understand infection in the context of each organ system in addition to understanding microbiology, immunology and pharmacology. 2. Host Factors Travel is a significant factor. Malaria prevention varies by geographic region – ie is chloroquine resistant strain present or absent. Fever in someone returning from a trip to Arizona may be due to Coccidiomycosis. Sexual behavior is a risk factor for many STD’s. Men who have sex with men will be at risk for
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: HIV. Female sex workers have high rates of STD’s. Occupational exposures, such as health care workers (TB, HIV, HBV) may be relevant. Underlying diseases such as diabetes may be associated with difficult response to infection. Immunocompromised hosts are subject to endogenous fungi (Candida, Aspergillus). 3. Agent Factors Covered in microbiology. 4. Environment Presence of vectors, temperature, and even presence of organism may make one region susceptible to an agent. For example, Eastern Equine Encephalitis is located in Taunton/Lakeville region in Massachusetts. 5. Specimens There is ability to perform cultures, molecular studies, antibodies, drug levels on blood and body fluids....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/02/2012 for the course BSC BSC1086 taught by Professor Joystewart during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online