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Emerging Infectious Disease6

Emerging Infectious Disease6 - Smallpox Hemorrhagic fever...

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Emerging Infectious Diseases 5. Definition of bioterrorism: Bioterrrorism is the intentional or threatened use of viruses, bacteria, fungi, or toxins from living organisms to produce death or disease in humans, animals, or plants 6. Characteristics of ideal biological warfare agents 1. high morbidity and mortality 2. easy to produce 3. efficiently disseminated and/or able to spread from person to person 4. stable in aerosol form 5. highly infective 7. Classification of agents of biological warfare 7.1. Category A Easily disseminated or transmitted person to person High mortality Potential to cause public panic and disruption Require special action for preparedness Organism Syndrome Bacteria: B. anthracis Anthrax Yersinia pestis Plague Franciscella tularensis Tularemia Clostridium botulinum toxin Botulism Viruses: Variola major
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Unformatted text preview: Smallpox Hemorrhagic fever viruses: Marburg, Ebola 7.2. Category B • Moderately easy to disseminate • Moderate morbidity; low mortality • Require specific diagnostic tests and enhanced disease surveillance Organism Syndrome Bacteria: Coxiella burnetti Q fever Brucella species Brucellosis Burkholder mallei Glanders Staphylococcus enterotoxin B Food- or waterborne pathogens Salmonella Shigella dysenteriae E. coli 0157:H7 Vibrio cholerae Viruses: Venezuelan encephalomyelitis; Eastern and Western Equine Encephalomyelitis Toxin: Ricin (from castor beans) 8. Requirements for a public health response to a biological terrorism event 1. conduct surveillance 2. investigate disease clusters 3. test a hypothesis regarding disease transmission 4. evaluate control strategies...
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