Fall 2010 Lecture 13 Looting Fakes and the Art Market revised

Fall 2010 Lecture 13 Looting Fakes and the Art Market revised

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Unformatted text preview: Should we study and publish unprovenanced objects? Coe says “yes”; what do you say? Does it contribute to looting and/or fakes? Michael Coe, Yale University • Accidental discoveries happen all the time and we need to make use of them when they do • But encouraging the publication of objects bought on the art market creates two potential problems: • Looting (because of the high prices) • Fakes (because looting doesn’t provide enough) Rosetta Stone: accidental discovery, not looting Dead Sea Scrolls: Accidental, then combination archaeology and looting Sipan: Looted, then archaeology, then looted again Sipan Umma in Iraq, with looters’ pits Getty Kouros: Fake or Real? 530 BCE or modern forgery? Cycladic figurines: Fake or Real? Evolution of Cycladic Figurines Gill and Chippindale: 1993 AJA article Are these real or are they fakes? Colin Renfrew Ivory Pomegranate 1979/1984 Ivory pomegranate that contained an inscription mentioning YHWH and the First Temple. This was eventually purchased by the Israel Museum for $550,000. Andre Lemaire lby[t yhw]h qdsû khnm (“Belonging to the Tem[ple of the Lor]d [Yahweh], holy to the priests”) Ivory Pomegranate: Fake? • In 2004, the pomegranate was suddenly removed from display and the museum issued a press release declaring it a forgery. A panel had concluded that the pomegranate itself was authentic, but that the inscription was a recent addition. Their report stated: “ In contrast to the antiquity of the pomegranate itself, the inscription and the patina-like material on the inscription and around it are a recent forgery….The inscription was inscribed on the pomegranate after it had already been broken in ancient times, causing some new breaks to occur due to the pressure forced by the engraving tool on the edge of the old break and causing the incompletion of the [Hebrew letters] taw, he and yod in relation to the break in the pomegranate. ” James Ossuary October 2002 James Ossuary Ya‘akov bar Yosef akhui diYeshua “James (Ya‘akov/Jacob), son of Joseph (Yosef), brother of Jesus (Yeshua)” Andre Lemaire Looting: #1 problem worldwide Looting of sites in Iraq Map showing looting at sites • Question: When should unprovenanced and/or looted artifacts be allowed to be published? Stars and Stripes Monday, April 7, 2003 KUWAIT CITY — Teams of soldiers with specialized expertise continue to analyze archaeological and historical sites in Iraq in an attempt to prevent their destruction by coalition attacks, military officers said Saturday. Stars and Stripes Monday, April 7, 2003 “It’s a challenge,” said Army Major Christopher Varhola, a cultural and religious anthropologist activated as part of the 352nd Civil Affairs Battalion. “This is the cradle of civilization....
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Fall 2010 Lecture 13 Looting Fakes and the Art Market revised

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