Fall 2010 Lecture 15 Artifacts Classification and Technology-1

Fall 2010 Lecture 15 Artifacts Classification and Technology-1

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Artifacts, Classification, and Technology
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Objectives of Classification 1. Organizing data into manageable units. 2. Describing types. 3. Identifying relationships between types . 4. Studying assemblage variability in the archaeological record .
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Typology Typology is a system of classification based on the construction of types. A type is a grouping of artifacts based on form, chronology, function, or style. Typology has one main aim: “classification which permits comparison…Such a comparison allows the archaeologist to align the assemblage with others in time and space.”
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ARCHAEOLOGICAL TYPES Archaeologists tend to use four “types of types”…: Descriptive types are based on the form of the artifact, using physical or external properties. Chronological types are also defined by decoration or form, but they are time markers. They are defined in terms of attributes that show change over time.
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ARCHAEOLOGICAL TYPES Archaeologists tend to use four “types of
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Fall 2010 Lecture 15 Artifacts Classification and Technology-1

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