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10-26-11 - Male-female miscommunications “mmhmm”...

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Ethnolinguistics Linguistic relativity (Sapir-Whorf hypothesis): the way you speak reflects how you see the world ( hard version: this determines the way you see the world, Soft : the way you speak influences the way you see the world) Ex: Gender (specified things as being he or she) and time Alternative: language reflects reality Ethnolinguistics Value can be seen through language Focal vocabulary: “a specialized set of terms and distinctions that is particularly important to a certain group” Dialect: a variation in language that reflects region or class, but is still usually intelligible. In US we call them ‘accents’. We often tie them to stereotypes (i.e. lower socioeconomic class, undereducated, etc) Code-switching : moving between different levels of language BEV (black English vernacular) or AAEV (African American English vernacular): commonly known as Ebonics Gendered speech (disregards dialect and is not a dialect):
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Unformatted text preview: Male-female miscommunications: “mmhmm” Historical linguistics : Studying the history and relationships of languages Language families : groups of related languages that derive from a single ancestral language: Protolanguage Linguistic divergence : process of protolanguage splitting into different groups. New experiences, tools, animals, etc provoked the need for new terms. Glottochronology : process of dating and tracking linguistic divergence. It analyzes the core vocabulary (sun, moon, stars, fire, water, body parts, etc) Language Loss 500 years ago— 10K-15K languages Today: 6800-6000 Estimated: by 2100, 3000 languages Loss of language = loss of culture: lost because of assimilation (immigration) Speech to writing For elites only? Written language began with counting systems, moved onto calendars, then historical accounts of rulers....
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