Unformatted text preview: Male-female miscommunications: “mmhmm” Historical linguistics : Studying the history and relationships of languages Language families : groups of related languages that derive from a single ancestral language: Protolanguage Linguistic divergence : process of protolanguage splitting into different groups. New experiences, tools, animals, etc provoked the need for new terms. Glottochronology : process of dating and tracking linguistic divergence. It analyzes the core vocabulary (sun, moon, stars, fire, water, body parts, etc) Language Loss 500 years ago— 10K-15K languages Today: 6800-6000 Estimated: by 2100, 3000 languages Loss of language = loss of culture: lost because of assimilation (immigration) Speech to writing For elites only? Written language began with counting systems, moved onto calendars, then historical accounts of rulers....
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- Fall '11
- Anthropology, lower socioeconomic class, Black English Vernacular, linguistic divergence, Ethnolinguistics Linguistic relativity