10-missed-2011 - Language and linguistic anthropology...

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Language and linguistic anthropology Language: a system of communication using sounds or gestures that are put together in meaningful ways according to a set of rules Rules: grammar and informal rules (spoken or written) Cuneiform: the oldest known language (160kya) was taught Symbol: sound or gesture whose meaning is not self evident (e.g. writing the word on the board) Signal: instinctually self evident Language is arbitrary. Constructed; maintains continuance via social consensus Because our language is symbolic, we can represent many things The nature of language Linguistics (scientific study of language) vs. linguistic relativity (the social and cultural context of language; asking general questions of anthropology and applying it to linguistics). Call system : primate communication; calls are made when stimuli are present. Inflexible and cannot be combined . Call out the most important things: danger. Washo
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2012 for the course ANTHRO 120 taught by Professor Huddleston during the Fall '11 term at MO St. Louis.

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