Kant vs. Mill

Kant vs. Mill - Langan 1 When looking at any single human...

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Langan 1 When looking at any single human beings life, it is easily observed that he/she will always be found in the pursuit of happiness as a natural goal in life. Philosophers have construed many theories on happiness and how it is attained. Specifically, Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill have proposed well known theories of contrast. Kant’s deontological rationalist view is that natural goals have nothing in common with living a moral life. The empiricist, Mill, proclaims that the natural goal is attained through experiences of pleasure and pain, where pleasure is considered to be happiness. Kant and Mill were both outstanding philosophers of their time; however, they never appear to agree on the natural goal of all human beings. The deontological rationalist view of Kant is stated that the natural goal of happiness has nothing to do with moral life. For Kant, attaining happiness is understood through science and the transcendental methodology for metaphysics. Jacquette is aware that, “Transcendental reasoning in Kant’s metaphysics is an effort to uncover synthetic a priori propositions that are presupposed by different type of judgment, for present purposes, in science and ethics and politics, but also in aesthetics and other areas of human knowledge.” (P.270) Kant does not believe that happiness can be achieved through experience; rather he believes that the action prior to the experience is when true natural good is observed. Transcendental reasoning can be broken down into three main stages. The transcendental technique begins with the given, where Jacquette insists, “Kant begins with sense, especially visual, experience of objects in space and time and asks what must be true in order for our experience of such objects even to be possible.” (P.271) This is Kant’s ethical proposition or judgment of what one ought to do. Following the proposition is the transcendental reasoning, which Jacquette identifies as,
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Langan 2 “The way in which we are supposed to recognize the synthetic a priori transcendental ground of science is by looking for and confirming conditions whose existence cannot be denied except on pain of contradiction with the given.” (P.271) Space and time are considered in the structure of reason to be pure forms of intuition as innate thoughts. With Kants assumptions about space in time he is now able to divide thoughts into
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Kant vs. Mill - Langan 1 When looking at any single human...

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