2116+PP+Unit+0 - Coming events … Coming events …...

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Unformatted text preview: Coming events … Coming events … Wednesday: Your selection of a Grading Option Sign up for Concert Review Due Date(s) Your e­mail address if I don’t have it First reading & listening assignments Thursday: Complete Preliminary Unit Quiz on Blackboard before 23:55 Friday: complete Terms Quiz 1 on Chapter18 on Blackboard by 23:55. Continuing with Continuing with Musical Forms Multimovement Sonata Form Multimovement Sonata Form 1st movement 2nd movement Contrasting tonality; tempo is adagio (slow) or andante (walking) (optional) 3rd movement Defines the tonality; tempo is allegro (happy) Tonic key; minuet (moderate triple meter) or scherzo (very fast triple meter) 4th movement or Finale Tonic key; allegro or presto (fastest tempo). Sonata­allegro form Sonata­allegro form Most important Classic­Romantic form Used for single movements “A drama between two contrasting tonal centers” A 3­part form Exposition (tonic key, moving to dominant) Development (dominant key, moving through different keys) Recapitulation (returns to tonic key). Additions to Sonata­allegro form Additions to Sonata­allegro form Introduction Optional Often in a contrasting slow tempo Might not use thematic material Coda A musical summary An ending “When the music’s over, but the noise isn’t”. Uses of Sonata­allegro form Uses of Sonata­allegro form 1st movements of Symphonies, Sonatas, Concertos, chamber pieces—in other words, the first movements of Sonata Form large­ scale pieces Sometimes other movements in those same pieces Single­movement Overtures, Symphonic Poems Sometimes used in vocal pieces. Other Single­movement forms Other Single­movement forms Theme and variations Ternary song form Rondo form Character pieces or Suite Cyclic form. Music 2116 Music 2116 Standard Instruments and Ensembles 1750­2009 Musical Instruments Musical Instruments The tools of the musical craft Instruments in Changing Times Instruments in Changing Times Instruments for accompaniment 1500s — lute 1600­1750 — harpsichord 1750­1950 — piano 1950­1980 — guitar 1980­2003 — keyboard Solo Instruments 1500­1650 — all instruments equal 1650­1950 — violin 1800­1970 — piano 1970­2003 — synthesizer. Instruments in Changing Times Orchestral Instruments 1700­1914 — strings, gradually adding more woodwinds, brass, and percussion 1914­2010 — other influences: jazz, Broadway, economics, new instruments Chamber Music Instruments 1600­1750 — strings and woodwinds equal, accompanied by basso continuo 1750­2010 — separate string, woodwind, brass ensembles, sometimes with piano. “Standard” Ensembles since 1750 The Orchestra The Wind Band (or Concert Band) The Chorus Chamber Ensembles with strings with piano without strings Vocal, with or without instruments Popular music ensembles. The Orchestra—Growth The Orchestra—Growth Mid­1700s: string band with pairs of oboes and horns Late 1700s: string band with pairs of flutes, oboes, sometimes clarinets, bassoons, horns, trumpets, timpani Early 1800s: added woodwinds, trombones, the winds often in 3s Late 1800s: winds in 3s or 4s, trombones & tuba, expanded percussion; large orchestra standard. The Orchestra—Functions The Orchestra—Functions Symphony Orchestra Opera Orchestra Ballet Orchestra Church Orchestra Dance Orchestra Theater Orchestra Small concert orchestra, or Jazz band, perhaps with strings, or Rock band, perhaps with winds or strings. The Wind Band The Wind Band Brass & percussion, perhaps with woodwinds Modeled on military bands: marching, formations, entertainment, pageantry Town bands: civic functions & entertainment Professional bands: concert music & entertainment. The Jazz Band The Jazz Band Early Dixieland jazz bands modeled on small marching bands Big band, symphonic jazz: expanded sections Wind instruments not in Rock bands at first “Blood, Sweat & Tears,” early 60s “Chicago Transit Authority,” early 60s Motown sound, 60s Became “horn line”. The Chorus The Chorus Originated in the church Medieval: men only (women just in convents) Renaissance: boys and men Baroque: some women in opera choruses Classic­Romantic: women slowly accepted Always small (8­20) until 19th century Church choirs inspired school choruses College Glee Clubs mostly social. Chamber Music Ensembles Chamber Music Ensembles With strings Baroque Trio Sonata: 2 violins, cello, b.c. String Trio: violin, viola, cello String Quartet: 2 violins, viola, cello String Quintet: Quartet with added viola, cello, or bass Any of the above with a woodwind replacing one violin. Chamber Music Ensembles Chamber Music Ensembles With piano Piano Trio: violin, cello, piano Piano Quartet: violin, viola, cello, piano Piano Quintet: String quartet, piano Piano is an equal partner, not just accompaniment. Chamber Music Ensembles Chamber Music Ensembles Without strings Baroque Trio Sonatas with winds Woodwind Quintet: flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn Brass Quintet: 2 trumpets, horn, trombone, tuba Specialized “choirs” of wind instruments Flute Choir, Clarinet Choir Trombone Choir, Low Brass Choir. Standard 20 Popular Ensembles Standard 20 o All use a “rhythm section” Keyboard, bass, drums are standard Guitar(s), percussion, latin drums optional Jazz Combos Piano, bass, drums, optional guitar 1 or more wind instruments optional. Jazz Bands Jazz Bands Dixieland: trumpet, clarinet, trombone, rhythm Hotel band: 3 brass, 3 saxes, 3 rhythm Big Band: 3­4 trumpets, 3­4 trombones, 5 saxes, 3­5 rhythm Symphonic Jazz: larger sections, may add horn(s), mellophones, tuba. Vocal Groups Vocal Groups 1910s: Barbershop, Gospel 1930s: Big Band Vocal Groups, 3­5 singers 1940s: Independent vocal groups 1950s: Jazz vocal groups 1960s: “Bands” are vocal groups, too A cappella groups always around; doo­wop groups from late 1950s. Rock Bands Rock Bands 1950s: lead guitar, bass, drums, rhythm guitar optional 1960s: expanded with keyboard, rhythm guitar, percussion, latin drums 1970s: more keyboards, keyboard controllers, horn lines 1980s: synthesizers, sequencers, drum machines 1990s: some bands completely digital Today—???. Traditional & Country Bands Traditional & Country Bands Always small, usually a string band with vocals, sometimes drums Traditional: guitar, dulcimer, mandolin, fiddle, bass, banjo, autoharp & vocals Folk & Contemporary Folk: guitars & vocals Country: guitars (including Dobro & pedal steel), bass, drums, vocals; keyboard & fiddle optional. ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2012 for the course MUS 2116 taught by Professor Howell during the Spring '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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