Chapter22.2+_4_1_ - Coming events Were on Chapter 22 and...

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Coming events … We’re on Chapter 22, and will finish up through Chapter 25 by the end of the semester Additional information outside the textbook will be covered in class, but I will send out the additional PowerPoints Plan ahead: Unit Quiz 3 is on Monday, May 2, but there will be an optional early seating on Friday, April 29.
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Debussy: Songs and stage music Debussy set texts by several major French poets He also wrote incidental music for plays.
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Songs and stage music He completed only one opera, Pelléas et Mélisande (1893–1902) The opera is a musical response to Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde The symbolist play by Maurice Maeterlinck is the basis of the work The allusions of the text are matched by strange, often modal harmonies, subdued colors, and restraint Instrumental interludes carry the mysterious inner drama.
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Influence A seminal composer, Debussy provided a model for later composers in his use of harmony and the orchestra He influenced many distinguished composers, including American jazz and popular musicians.
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THE FIRST MODERN GENERATION (PHOTO OF MAURICE RAVEL)
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Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) Leading French composer after Debussy Less Impressionistic More objective; used Classical forms Preferred modal scales to whole-tone scales Fewer Impressionist chords Harmonies complex, but diatonic & functional Superb craftsman & brilliant orchestrator Dance forms, both ancient & modern.
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Ravel
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Maurice Ravel (1875–1937) Although he is often considered to be an impressionist, Ravel was subject to a variety of influences 13 years younger than Debussy General characteristics Consummate craftsmanship Traditional forms Diatonic melodies Complex harmonies within an essentially tonal language Another superb orchestrator.
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Maurice Ravel (1875–1937) Jeux d’eau (Water Games, 1901) Combines Liszt’s pianistic techniques and Debussy’s color Whole-tone and diatonic passages are juxtaposed Whole-tone sonorities function as dissonances that need to resolve Not in our Listening set Both Ravel and Debussy recorded piano rolls; Ravel was not as good a pianist as Debussy.
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Maurice Ravel (1875–1937) Impressionistic works Miroirs (Mirrors, 1904–5), descriptive piano pieces Rapsodie espagnole (Spanish Rhapsody, 1907–8), an orchestral suite Daphnis et Chloé (1909–12), a ballet.
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Maurice Ravel (1875–1937) Some piano works (which he later orchestrated) evoke French Baroque dances Pavane pour une infante défunte (Pavane for a Dead Princess, 1899)—a Renaissance dance, not Baroque Le tombeau de Couperin (Memorial for Couperin, a late 17 th -century Baroque composer, 1914–17)
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