Chapter24 - Concise History of Western Music Fourth Edition...

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By Barbara Russano Hanning Based on J. Peter Burkholder, Donald J. Grout, and Claude V. Palisca, A History of Western Music , Eighth Edition Concise History of Western Music Fourth Edition Chapter 24 Vernacular Music and the Classical Tradition in America
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PRELUDE
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Prelude The proliferation of styles complicates any history of twentieth-century music. Apparent in both classical and vernacular traditions The trend is especially evident in the United States.
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Chapter organization Diverging trends in the nineteenth century Vernacular music in the twentieth century Classical traditions in the first half of the twentieth century
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Earliest American music We know little about Native American music. The earliest known music grew out of religious traditions of settlers.
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DIVERGING TRENDS IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY AMERICA
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Band music The earliest American bands were in the military, but local bands emerged in the nineteenth century. Bands played a large role during the Civil War and continued to proliferate afterwards. Professional bands enjoyed a heyday between the Civil War and World War I. Band concerts mixed arrangements of classic works with lighter works, such as dances and popular melodies.
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Band music John Philip Sousa (1854–1932) Conducted the United States Marine Band Organized his own internationally recognized band in 1892 Sousa composed operettas and songs, but he is best remembered as “the March King.” The Stars and Stripes Forever (1897) is his most famous work.
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Band music Brass bands were one of the training grounds for African American musicians. Black bands played a prominent role in both black and white social life. These bands did little improvising, but they played with a swinging and syncopated style.
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Popular songs Art songs tended to be through- composed, engage sophisticated listeners, and require professional performers. Popular songs sought to entertain their audience, accommodate amateur performers, and sell as many copies as possible. Subjects for songs varied from love to satire.
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Popular songs The standard form of the popular song was the verse and refrain. The piano plays a four- or eight-measure introduction. The verse is eight, sixteen, or thirty-two measures in length. The refrain is similar in size to the verse.
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Popular songs The key to success was a catchy phrase, sometimes called a hook . Tin Pan Alley, a district in New York that specialized in music publishing, developed strategies for selling sheet music.
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Brought to America as slaves, Africans found it difficult to maintain their own ethnic culture. A distinct musical style was preserved
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Chapter24 - Concise History of Western Music Fourth Edition...

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