PHL 200 Wednesday, 9 November, 11

PHL 200 Wednesday, 9 November, 11 - PHL 200 Wednesday 9...

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PHL 200 Wednesday, 9 November, 11 -central, metaphysical and epistemological claims in the Republic - Context for these passages is ‘justice pays intrinsically’, just as does physical health; long run up to the conclusion between distinction between philosophers vs. lovers of sights and sights. Love with sights and sounds, doxa (opinion/belief) vs. knowledge. 1 -characterization of philosopher moves on till book 8 -book 2 analogy on Plato’s idea of the good. An analogy is an improper not mathematical that is to illuminate the relationship between one thing with other forms. -ie. Idea (greek) word for ideas vs Eidos(e) -idea of the good not a concept here. Our 20 th c concept of the word idea is not the same as the greek word idea. -analogy here crucially focuses on the sun and the good and these two are supposed to be analogous. Beginning at 509 “ just as the sun shines down… objects and illuminates them… makes them visible… so the good projects ‘truth’ on the forms and makes the intelligible”. -when talking about a principle, a starting point arche , one of the fundamental ideas/axiom for finding a principle. . is that there is a principle of everything. This explains why there is everything… we have to get to a principle point that is not itself a part of the problem. -ie of child that asks, who made me, and ‘who made god?’ but if you have the need to explain who made god, you lost the point of god. -in greek math, 1 is not a number. (of course zero too) But from arithemos says it’s a plurality of units. But 1 is a principle of a number, not a number on its own. . -For Plato: to seek out, because there should be a principle above all, is the working hypothesis, fundamental idea for the notion of explanation. -but forms themselves require principle… eternal mutable entities. They don’t just come to be; there wasn’t a time last week where there was beauty and now there is no beauty; there has to be forms that are eternal that has always been and will always remain -so how can something that doesn’t come to be require a principle to explain it? -the idea of explanation in a non-temporal framework (because they don’t just
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PHL 200 Wednesday, 9 November, 11 - PHL 200 Wednesday 9...

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