Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 Personality and values A The meaning...

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Chapter 5: Personality and values A. The meaning of personality The dynamic mental attitudes & processes that determine individuals’ emotional & behavioral adjustments to their environments The totality of qualities & traits, as of character or behavior that are peculiar to a specific person The pattern of collective character, behavioral, temperamental, emotional, & mental traits of a person B. How is personality determined? Result of Hereditary & Environmental factors Heredity Biological rhythms & temperament Environmental can change personality -More changeable in adolescence -More stable among adults Enduring characteristics that describe an individual become the individual’s personality trait -Ex: Shy, aggressive, ambitious Personality is generally stable in the context of work C. The need of personality test and a way of maximizing its effective Personality influences job satisfaction, leadership, stress, turnover intention, and job performance Personality can be considered in Hiring and staffing Personality test may very well help an employer find an employee that fit with the company or the job, if it is done properly The test should be valid and reliable, based on statistical and psychological knowledge: Use a proven personality test The test should rule out discriminating factors and be administered fairly The test should keep privacy and confidentiality of the results D. How do we measure personality? Self-reporting surveys and observer-ratings surveys are usable - Self-reporting surveys are the most common method - Observer-ratings surveys provide an independent assessment of personality - Observer-ratings surveys often better measure personality than self-reporting surveys There are two dominant frameworks used to describe personality 1. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI®) MBTI is most widely used personality measurement in the world MBTI is designed to assess people’s tendencies toward certain behaviors MBTI is based on the assumption that different people have different ways of seeing the world and solving the problems Participants are classified within four scales to determine 1 of 16 possible personality types -Introversion vs. extroversion -Sensing vs. intuition -Thinking vs. feeling -Judging vs. Perceiving INTJ introversion, intuition, thinking, judging ESTJ
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2012 for the course ORGANIZATI 345 taught by Professor Andreakim during the Spring '12 term at Rutgers.

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Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 Personality and values A The meaning...

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