Chem 391 Ethical Considerations in Science Categories of Misbehavior 1. authorship: plagiarism, priority of work, allocation of credit 2. deceptive practices: fabrication, falsification, fudging, cooking, spin of data 3. theft of ideas: by referees or editors, industrial spying 4. dishonesty: confidentiality, breach of contract, conflict of interest, misuse of time/equipment 5. favoritism or bias and prejudice: by editors, reviewers or employers; nepotism Questions to Ask Yourself in an Ethical Dilemma 1. Is it legal? Is it honest? Is it fair? Is it respectful? Is it selfish? 2. What are the consequences? What would happen if everyone acted this way? 3. In whose interest am I acting? Facts 1. A scientist’s most valuable possession is a reputation for competent, reliable science. 2. Some of the most important values in science are honesty, skepticism, fairness, collegiality, and openness (National Academy of Science, 1995) 3.
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