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Unformatted text preview: Psych Study Guide #3 00:56 • Personality: characteristics, emotions, thoughts behaviors that are relative stable over time and across circumstances • what makes you who you are? What makes you unique? What is the same over time? • How we manage emotions, behavior, situation, and adventure • Personality traits: characteristics of the person, a dispositional tendency to act in a certain way over time • Relatively stable disposition to behave in a particular and consistent way Introversion vs. extraversion Introversion: high stress, depression, neuroticism, prone to more negative emotions Extraversion: not quickly overwhelmed by stimulus- seeking more stimuli, more prone to do drugs, rock climb, sky dive • How have scientists studied personality • Psychodynamic theories emphasize unconscious and dynamic processes- dynamic relationships w/ other people • Humanistic approaches emphasize integrated personal experience o Unconditional positive regard- “you’re good enough”- trying to understand how person is finding meaning in life Social cognitive approach: how people think about situations, but also how they would respond in those situations Type and trait approach describes behavioral dispositions: categorize people in different ways • The Freudian or “Psychodynamic” approach • The role of unconscious influences on personality (life is un consciously driven) • Id= unconscious, pleasure center o Born w/ it, have to restrain it (devil- childish impulses) Superego= dictates from society, parents Doesn’t accept desire to meet Id desire (angel- or parent) Sexual interest in opposite parent- need to control Id Ego= mediates between Id and Superego Sense of self, how we want to operate Introduces concept of unconscious defense mechanisms Defense mechanisms: feel okay in time of struggle Almost everything is unconscious- some things are preconscious or conscious (Freud’s topographical model) Therapist can suggest unconscious feeling, and bring it to preconscious or subconscious • “Penis Envy Theory”- “the female acknowledges the fact of her castration and w/ it too the superiority of the male and her own inferiority, but she rebels against this unwelcome state of affairs” –Freud • decided that woman had penis envy-phallic symbols=monument to penis • Common Defense Mechanisms • Denial: refusing to acknowledge source of anxiety (ignore, pretend it doesn’t exist) o EX:ill person ignores medical advice Repression: excluding source of anxiety from awareness EX: person fails to remember an unpleasant event Projection: attributing unacceptable qualities of the self to someone else...
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2012 for the course PSYCH 202 taught by Professor Roberts during the Fall '06 term at University of Wisconsin.
- Fall '06