9-29-11 - Ex Bigger containing Descartes vs Locke(on...

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Rationalists vs. Emphyricists Thursday, September 29, 2011 12:44 PM Substance: Something that exists in its own right, with the existence of other things depending on it Two types Minds: depend on such things as thoughts, feelings, etc. Things that have mental attributes Bodies: depend on things such as size, shape, weights Things that have physical attributes Lock: ideas come from two sources: sensation or reflection (sense-perception or introspection) Simple ideas received passively from sensation or reflection and then other ideas we ourselves make from this simple ideas Simple ideas: white, pain, sweet Processes by which other ideas are made: Abstraction: General ideas Ex. Man (as opposed to John), white (in general) Combination: Complex ideas Ex. Army, man, triangle, orphan Juxtaposition: Ideas of relations
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Unformatted text preview: Ex. Bigger, containing Descartes vs. Locke (on knowledge) Descartes: Ideas are clear and distinct when grasped directly without sensory content to confuse them Locke: Ideas are clear and distinct when they have been traced back in an orderly way to their foundations in sensation and reflection Types of complex ideas (according to Locke) Modes: ideas of things that are not supposed to "subsist by themselves but are considered dependencies on (of affections of ) substances Substances: Ideas of the things on which the modes depend. Relations: The consideration and comparing one idea with another Hume on Causality: "There are no "things" no substances; only collections of modes Substances are just a way to understand these collections of modes...
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