10-4-11

10-4-11 - Experience vs. Art and Science Artists (and...

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Rationalism, Empiricism, Aristotelianism Tuesday, October 04, 2011 12:41 PM Aside-- Rationalists: Plato Empiricists: Locke?, Hume Aristolelians: Aristotle, Aquinas, Locke? --- How knowledge is gained 1. Perception 1.a. Sense-Perception; common to all animals; involved senses 1. Memory 1.a. Common to animals and humans 1. Experience 1.a. Common to some animals and all humans; learning, perceiving and working toward goals by practice 1. The Arts and Sciences Art: the act of doing something worthwhile (engineering) "Art comes about when a single universal view about similar things comes about from many notions of experience." Science: the study of something for the knowledge itself (biology, chemistry) 1. Wisdom (Metaphysics) 1.a. Understanding fundamental knowledge
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Unformatted text preview: Experience vs. Art and Science Artists (and scientists) have universal knowledge; defined forms Knowledge about something in general In contrast: someone who is merely experienced knows only by memory about particulars of the thin with which he uses to form expectations Artists have casual knowledge (they know the "why") Experienced people know only the "that" Rationalism: Have universal conceptual knowledge but it cannot be based on perceptoin Empiricism: all knowledge is perceptual, no universal or conceptual knowledge Arisototelianism: Universal knowledge can be based on perception See slides on the diagrams of different philosophies view on how science is structured...
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