Chapter 1-Introducing Social Psychology

Chapter 1-Introducing Social Psychology - a social...

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Chapter 1-Introducing Social Psychology Thursday, February 10, 2011 4:25 PM 1. Social Influence 1.a. We are all influenced by other people->conformity, attitudes, and group processes 1.b. Includes thoughts, feelings, as well as overt acts 1. Social Psychology 1.a. Scientific study of the way in which people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the real or imagined presence of other people 1.a.i. Construal: how people are influenced by their social world relates to how they perceive, comprehend, and interpret 1.a. People are not always aware of the origins on their own responses/feelings 1.b. Individual differences: aspects of people's personalities that make them different from others 1.c. Without important information about a situation, most people will find that the reason for that behavior is the personality of the individual involved->wrong! 1.d. For the social psychologist, the level of analysis is the individual in the context of
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Unformatted text preview: a social situation 1.e. Goal of social psychology: to identify universal properties of human nature that make everyone susceptible to social influence, regardless of social class or culture 1. Power of Social Influence 1.a. Fundamental attribution error: tendency to explain our own and other people's behavior entirely in terms of personality traits (not social influence) 1.a. Behaviorism: one need only consider the reinforcing properties of the environment (how positive and negative events in the environment are associated with specific behaviors) 1.a. Gestalt psychology: should study the subjective way in which an object appears versus objective, physical attributes 1.b. The need to feel good about ourselves and the need to be accurate 1.c. Expectations can change the nature of the world...
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