Chapter 6-The Need to Justify Our Actions

Chapter 6-The Need to Justify Our Actions - Chapter 6-The...

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Chapter 6-The Need to Justify Our Actions Thursday, March 24, 2011 2:37 PM 1. Maintaining a Stable, Positive Self-Image 1.a. The theory of cognitive dissonance 1.a.i. Cognitive dissonance: drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being caused by holding two or more inconsistent cognitions and subsequently defined as being caused by performing an action that is discrepant from one's customary, typically positive self-conception 1.a.i.1. Major motivator of human thought and behavior 1.a.i.2. Theory of cognitive dissonance: Leon Festinger 1.a.i. 3 ways to reduce dissonance 1.a.i.1. Changing our behavior to bring it in line with the dissonant cognition 1.a.i.1. Attempting to justify our behavior through changing one of the dissonant cognitions 1.a.i.1. Attempting to justify our behavior by adding new cognitions 1.a.i. Impact bias: overestimate the intensity and duration of their negative emotional reactions 1.a.i.1. The process of reducing dissonance is largely unconscious- >more effective 1.a. Rational behavior versus rationalizing behavior 1.a.i. People in the midst of reducing dissonance are so involved with convincing themselves that they are right that they frequently end up behaving irrationally and maladaptively 1.a.i.1. Jones and Kohler: experiment on segregation 1.a.i.2. Participants remembered the plausible arguments agreeing with their own position and the implausible arguments agreeing with the opposing position 1.a.i. We distort information in a way that fits our preconceived notions 1.a.
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2012 for the course PSYC 260 taught by Professor Traceycallison during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Chapter 6-The Need to Justify Our Actions - Chapter 6-The...

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