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8-24-10 - Context Where was the item found Formational...

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Day 1 Tuesday, August 24, 2010 3:41 PM Archaeology: The study of human behavior and thought based on the material evidence of that behavior and thought The scientific description and explanation of similarities and differences, stability and change in human technologies, societies, and ways of life Questions: What question do archaeologists ask about the past? What are some of the strengths and weaknesses of archaeological data? Lifeways, Societies, Technologies, Understandings: Lifeways: Marriages, Divorces, Retiring, etc. Societies: Poor/Rich Technologies: Self-explanatory Understandings: How people understand the world What is the world like; what should it be like, etc. Principles of Archaeology
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Unformatted text preview: Context: Where was the item found? Formational Chronological of stratigraphic Functional Cultural Association: What was the item found with Patterns: Chronological Spatial Contextual Associational Examples of Sites and Pieces: Oldowan Chopping Tools (ca. 2.4 millions years ago (mya)) Oldest known tool Acheulian Hand Axe (1 mya) Symmetry; creators knew what tule was supposed to be like Mousterian Point and Core (100 kya) Used for chipping off flakes Soluterean Luarel-leaf Blade (22kya) More finely made; efficient Upper Paleolithic "Art" (22-12 kya) Made from ivory; French; Dust Cave, Alabama (10,000 BC - 4000 BC) Hunters/Gatherers Domestication of Wheat and Maize...
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