10-26-10 - Similar categories of plants(cereals legumes...

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Food Production and Domestication in the Americas Tuesday, October 26, 2010 3:34 PM Why Food Production in Americas? Most likely cause: population / resource imbalance Proposed causes Population growth Environmental change Specific conditions varied between the centers of domesticaiton What was the impact of domestication and food production? Diets? Health? Community and Societal Changes? Shift to Food Production to the Americas Multiple Centers Not as early as the earliest transitions in the Old World Varied natural and social environments (sedentary and mobile foragers)
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Unformatted text preview: Similar categories of plants (cereals, legumes, tubers, etc.) Colonizers of New World brought gourd seeds with them Domesticated in Americas: Chenopodium, common beans Mesoamerican Animal Domesticates: Muscovy duck, Ocellated Turkey No Mesoamerican domesticated animals to provide labor, milk, transportation Capsicum Peppers: Large number of genus' spread from this plant were domesticated in the Americas both in the Neolithic and today Starchy Tubers Consequences: Decline in health; dental problems...
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