11-9-10 - Post-Neolithic Changes Increases in scale of...

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After the Neolithic Transformation Tuesday, November 09, 2010 3:32 PM Key Concepts Complex societies (what does it mean to be complex?) Degree of differentiation among people…diversity Degree to which people are different in fundamental ways (socially, politically, economically) Hierarchy and heterarchy Inequality Societal Forms (each society is unique, and one form of society does not "evolve" into more "complex" ones) Band Tribe Chiefdom State Empire Civilization Questions: What are the patterns of social change that appear to follow the Neolithic transformations? Why would people construct social differences? Why would people cede control of their lives to others? How do archaeologists recognize evidence of political hierarchies and inequality?
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Unformatted text preview: Post-Neolithic Changes Increases in scale of communities and societies Changes in mechanisms structuring societies Increased social differentiations Increased inequality Two aspects of complex societies Differentiation: child, adult, young, old, etc Inequality Differentiation Social: value of different groups Economic: what you do, what you have Political: dictators, kings, etc In large complex societies, one person can perform a unique task that has such a demand he doesn't have to perform anything else How did vast differences in economic standing come about? What made someone a political high class or low class? What impact did the move to complex societies have on the frequency and scale of warfare?...
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11-9-10 - Post-Neolithic Changes Increases in scale of...

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