Poli Sci 104 Midterm 2 Study Guide

Poli Sci 104 Midterm 2 Study Guide - Poli Sci 104 Midterm 2...

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Poli Sci 104 Midterm 2 Study Guide Congress Organization- o Two houses (bicameral legislature)- Senate and House of Representatives o House- minimum age is 25 years old, citizen of at least 7 years, 2 year terms, depends on population, tends to be local Limits on debate More formal Larger Majoritarian o Senate- minimum age 30 years old, citizen of at least 9 years, 6 year terms, 2 per state, local and national Smaller Less formal More powers vested in individuals “unanimous consent” filibuster o In order for a bill to become a law, both house and senate have to approve of it o Pork Barrel Legislation- the appropriations made by legislative bodies for local projects that often are not needed but are created so that local representatives can carry their next home district in the next election Strictly for local benefits Wasteful spending Unnecessary (bridge to no where, museum, indoor rainforest) Pay off for out right corruption o Party Caucus- closed meeting of political or legislative group to select candidates or leaders, plan strategies, or make decisions o Speaker of the House- (John Boehner Republican) the chief presiding officer of the house of reps, the speaker is elected at the beginning of every Congress on a straight party vote, most important person in the house o Majority leader- (Harry Reid Democrat leader of Senate and Eric Canter is leader of House) elected leader of the party holding the majority of seats in the house or senate; after speaker in hierarchy o Minority leader- (Mitch McConu7nell Republican of Senate and Nancy Pelosi of House) elected leader of the party holding less seats o Collective Dilemma- collective needs of institution vs. individual needs of members: trustee’s vs. delegates Trustees- We are going against what the founders wanted If everyone is creaming at the same time no one will be heard Local issues are for local government
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Representatives were elected for a reason, people put their trust in them Not practical to have people vote on every issue Delegates- Easier to hear the voice of the public One person cannot accurately make the decision Small group of people with their own opinions running a large country is unfair It is hard to find someone in congress who has the exact same beliefs as you If you don’t like you representative, you still have a say o Filibuster- once given the floor, senators have unlimited time to speak o Cloture- filibuster requires a 3/5 cloture to end debate o Veto- presidential power to turn down acts of congress, president may be overridden with a 2/3 vote, but president wins 99% of the time Judiciary- o Supreme court decision making- Once the Supreme Court has decided to hear a case, it orders lower courts that have handled the case to surrender all records and supporting documents related to it. As an appeals court, the Supreme Court does not convene new jury
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Poli Sci 104 Midterm 2 Study Guide - Poli Sci 104 Midterm 2...

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