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Theories of Counseling ChartAs you progress through this course, you will create a Theories of Counseling Chart summarizing key aspects of each theory. As you review the theories each week in COUN 5239 – Theories of Psychotherapy, complete the “Enter text here” box sections of this chart. There is also a section for you to draft a statement reflecting your personal model of counseling. You will be able to refer to this personalized chart throughout your classes, into your fieldwork, and as you prepare for your licensure exam. List of Theories Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy:Adlerian TheoryExistential TherapyGestalt TherapyPerson-Centered TherapyBehavioral TherapyCognitive TherapyCognitive Behavior TherapyRational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)Reality TherapyFeminist TherapyComplementary and Alternative TherapiesNarrative TherapySolution-Focused TherapyFamily SystemsPersonal Model of Counseling:Everyone is unique and encounters different life experiences; therefore everyone develops and overcomes challenges differently. I believe that everyone has the innate ability to better himself or herself but things such as institutional barriers can affect that. My model of counseling is cognitive behavioral therapy because of its focus on our feelings and behaviors causing our thoughts. Regardless of their situation, any client can overcome problems by confronting faulty beliefs. 1
Theories of Counseling ChartEveryone has the ability to turn irrational thoughts into rational ones. CBT can be used and is effective with all ages and for a wide array of disorders, so it is the most practical for a counselor. 2
Theories of Counseling ChartPsychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy3
Theories of Counseling ChartKey Concepts
What are some of the key propositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems? Theory of ChangeHow can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning?Humans are determined by early experiences. The client is driven by sexual and aggressive impulses. Current behavior is caused by unconscious motives and conflicts. Therefore, early development is critical and can be a cause of later personality problems. The psychosexual stages of development must be resolved and integrated successfully in order to achieve normal personality development. Therefore, inadequate resolution of a stage will result in faulty personality development. The best way a client can overcome problems is by working through a developmental stage that was not resolved and reliving earlier experiences and repressed conflicts. The client can also bring the unconscious into the conscious, reconstruct basic personality, and strengthen the ego so that behavior is more based on reality.