COGNITION Memory1Ch5HO

COGNITION Memory1Ch5HO - Cognition MemoryI...

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© John M. Ackroff 2012  Cognition Memory I Remembering New Information February 20/21, 2012
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© John M. Ackroff 2012  Functions of memory Inference engine There are too many items to remember, so  we ___________ some of them. Relate new events to prior knowledge Update existing memories Deliver relevant information when  needed. On-demand vs. automatically
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© John M. Ackroff 2012  Many different aspects Encoding Storage retrieval Short-term memory Long-term memory Working memory X
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© John M. Ackroff 2012  Remember attention? Attended items go into _______  memory. We can make voluntary responses (like  _________) to attended items. Attended items may enter _________  memory (consolidation).
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© John M. Ackroff 2012  Rehearsal The active task of, for example,  repeating to yourself a list of words you  are trying to learn. Works fine for 4 words. Doesn’t work too well for 10.
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© John M. Ackroff 2012  Coding R. Conrad – STM works on acoustical  coding b, c, p, t, v f, m, n, s, x Problem with this study?
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© John M. Ackroff 2012  Coding Cues
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© John M. Ackroff 2012 Proactive Interference (PI) PI is the effect of earlier input on the retrieval  of later input. Early list items are more likely to be retrieved.
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COGNITION Memory1Ch5HO - Cognition MemoryI...

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