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Conditioning & Learning

Conditioning & Learning - -Pavlov’s findings were...

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Conditioning & Learning Ch. 3 03:30 <CLASSICAL CONDITIONING: FOUNDATIONS> -habituation & sensitization involve only 1 stimulus but most life situations involve more  than 1  -cause & effect relationships ensure things can happen in combination  -simplest mechanism whereby organisms learn about cause & effect relationships is  classical conditioning  || EARLY YEARS OF CLASSICAL CONDITIONING || -started (systematically) with Pavlov  -also discovered by Twitmyer who tested knee-jerk reflex of students by sounding bell  before hitting the tendon below the knee cap (somewhat successful)
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Unformatted text preview: -Pavlov’s findings were extension of research on processes of digestion -Pavlov: dogs salivated at the sight of food once it had been placed in their mouths several times. Dogs made associations with the features of objects (anything that looked grainy like the texture of the sand that was placed in their mouths caused them to salivate) “ object learning ” || the classical conditioning paradigm ||-Pavlov’s procedure involves 2 stimuli light OR tone (does not cause salivation at beginning of experiment) = conditional stimulus 03:30 03:30...
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