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Unformatted text preview: Cultural Diversity of Humans and their Environment Giger & Davidhizar (p.68-73) Enculturation: (socialization), which involves acquiring knowledge and internalizing values Cultural behavior, or how you act in certain situations, is socially acquired, not genetically inherited Culture-bound: describes a person living within a certain reality that is considered “the reality” Ethnocentrism: the perception that one's own way is best Bicultural: used to describe a person who crosses two cultures, lifestyles, and sets of values Ethnicity: refers to groups whose members share a common social and cultural heritage passed on to each successive generation (self identification) Race:related to biology. Members share distinguishing physical features like skin color, bone structure, or blood group Spector (p. 9-12, 16-23) Culturally competent: implies that within the delivered care the provider understands and attends to the total context of the patient's situation and it is a complex combination of knowledge, attitudes and skills Culturally appropriate: implies that the provider applies the underlying background knowledge that must be possessed to provide a given patient with the best possible health care Culturally Sensitive: implies that the provider possess some basic knowledge of and constructive attitudes toward the health traditions observed among the diverse cultural groups found in the setting in which they are practicing Culture: the sum total of socially inherited characteristics, of a human group that comprises everything which one generation can tell, convey, or and down to the next; the nonphysically inherited traits we possess Ethnicity: the condition of belonging to a particular ethnic group; ethnic pride Ethnocentrism: belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group; overriding concern with race Xenophobe: a person unduly fearful or contemptuous of strangers or foreigners, especially as reflected in his political or cultural views Xenophobia: a morbid fear of strangers Acculturation Themes Socialization: process of being raised within a culture and acquiring the characteristics of that group ◦ Education is a form of socialization Acculturation: involuntary process in nature and the member of the minority group is forced to learn the new culture to survive. Also refers to cultural or behavioral assimilation and may be defined as the changes of one's cultural patterns to those of the host society Assimilation: process where an individual develops a new cultural identity Powerpoint Notes Demography: the statistical study of populations including statistical counts of people of various ages, sexes, and population densities for specific locations Race: the concept of race reflects self-identification by people according to race/races which they closely identify ◦ biological view: human population considered distinct based on innate, unchangeable physical characteristics (skin color, bone structure, genetics)...
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