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black study guid - 3. Abolitionist Movement: a. Day to Day...

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Unformatted text preview: 3. Abolitionist Movement: a. Day to Day Resistance: sabotage, working slowly, pretending to be dumb b. Emigrationism:-emigrate back to Africa-1817- Negro Convetion Movement-No Broad Appeal 1. Get rid of free blacks so secure slavery 2. Duty to stay and fight 3. Give weight to racist arguments 4. Part of American Society Hannah Arendt : ppl need to invent explanations and rationalizations for exploitation–european wanted to think of themselves as normal, Christian, democratic people with superior civilization—but they were conquering other people and their land; didn’t think they were doing anything wrong and were morally right. racism occurred because of they attempted to justify slavery and reasons of colonialism--wanted moral justifications for these morally wrong acts Why Africa for Slavery: Europeans couldn’t conquer Ottoman Emp so they went S to Africa—initially bc accident of geography Edward Said---2 types of identity : 1) filiation : there are id’s we’re born with (ex. born into rich fam or poverty) 2) Affiliation: there are id’s of choice—we chose to affiliate ourselves w/ diff things; wht ppl chose to do rather than defining themselves according to what they’re born w/ Framework of Black Exp in Am : 1)global political economy 2)Race— rationalize inequality 3) common oppression 4) filiation and affiliation Why transition to slavery? a)bad conditions in VA; challenging; needed ppl for labor. b)decline in ppl leaving EU to come to Am bc of Golden Age— economic opportunities expanding&didn’t want to explore new lands; c) people who made the transatlantic journey as indentured servants to colonial VA didn’t want to remain servants their whole life; they wanted freedom dues (owning land, guns). They expected their status to go up, and that expectation created a class conflict Bacon’s rebellion occurred bc class conflict soln to class crisis was creation of racial caste system which was building block of social stability and self id in Am—blacks were viewed as “other” bc they provided building block for white id Orlando Paterson—Natal Alienation : NA=alienation at birth; a slave doesn’t have normal human rights bc an enslaved person experiences social and civic death—S&C death = bc u don’t have property, a slave can be taken away from their family—slave don’t have right to remain w/ fam; no right to community (Social death); no voting, no right to fair trials, no property (Civic Death) Thiongo&language of slavery: language serves as 2 functions: a) communication b) carrier of culture, which embodies power and relations; “black” has neg. connotation; slavery always written in passive voice—showing these were actions imposed on ppl; removes actions that were imposed on ppl and it was a way of “mutualizing” and ‘sanitizing’ and act imposed on ppl; Rationalization and Justification of Slavery : 1)common humanity vs Objcts of profit—slave owners viewed slaves as objects of profit, rather than human...
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2012 for the course 830 201 taught by Professor Leyton during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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black study guid - 3. Abolitionist Movement: a. Day to Day...

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