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After1stMidtermHWnotes - HomeworkNotesp.153160&193204 19:50...

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Homework Notes p.153-160 & 193-204 19:50 Types of Wars Hegemonic war - a war over control of the entire world order (aka world war, global war,  general war, or systemic war) E.g- WW2 Total war - warfare by one state waged to conquer and occupy another. Goal to reach  the capital city and force the surrender of the government.  E.g- WW2  Limited war - includes military actions carried out to gain some objective short of the  surrender and occupation of the enemy.  Civil war -   war between factions within a state trying to create or prevent a new  government for the entire state or some territorial part of it.  Seem to be among the most brutal wars.  Guerrilla war - includes certain kinds of civil wars is warfare without front lines.  Goal to not directly confront an enemy army but to harass and punish it so as to  gradually limit its operation and effectively liberate territory from its control.  Truth commissions-  governmental bodies established in several countries after  internal wars to hear honest testimony and bring to light what really happened during  these wars, and in exchange to offer most of the participants asylum from punishment.  Theories of the Causes of War Conflict- refers to armed conflict. The condition against which bargaining takes place. In  conflict bargaining, states develop capabilities that give them leverage to obtain more  favorable outcomes than they otherwise would achieve. Rarely lead to violence.  We can explain the causes of war using the Levels of Analysis.  The individual level of analysis. 
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Theories center on rationality.  Conflicts often escalate to war because of deviations from rationality in the individual  decision-making processes of national leaders.  The education and mentality of whole populations of individuals determine whether  conflicts become violent.  The domestic level of analysis Draws attention to the characteristics of states or societies that may make them more or  less prone to use violence in resolving conflicts.  The interstate level of analysis Explain wars in terms of power relations among major actors in the international system.  The global level of analysis Major warfare in the international system is cyclical  One approach links large wars with long economic waves in the world economy.  Cycle theories- at best can explain only general tendencies toward war in the  international system over time.
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