Lecture Notes After 1st Midterm

Lecture Notes After 1st Midterm - LectureNotes2/28/12 20:31...

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Lecture Notes 2/28/12 20:31 Agenda Causes of War Why study war? Types of War Territorial Conflicts Economic Conflicts Causes of War Why study war? Prevention Ax to grind Victims get to write history Ex. WWI Germany caused WWI o therefore they had to pay reparations  Sexy… Saving Private Ryan Top Gun Interesting and we want to prevent it.  Defining War “Sustained, organized violence between two internationally recognized groups.” Why not study peace?  “War and peace are more than opposites. They have so much in common that neither  can be understood without the other.”
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Conceptualizing War Clausewitz: War is diplomacy by other means Consistent without idea of leverage Sometimes you have to take out the sward in order to get another state to comply.  Keegan: War is sui generis Clausewitz wrote about war as he wanted it to be Once you start violence, you are in a different category.  Problems in Studying War 1) Dogs that don’t bark. The important wars could be the ones that do not happen. . Must look especially close at the wars that don’t happen. Examples of wars that didn’t happen: Cuban-American Missile War India-Pakistan Atomic War World War III between the US and Soviet Union never happened The Franco-British War of 1898 instead of WWI Fashoda Crisis (1898) 2) War is a low-probability event Probability that war breaks out in a given year between any 2 geographically contiguous  (neighboring) states between 1916-1980: 0.00009 Putting the science in political science…the quantitative study of war. Charles Dodgson-did work with math and statistics on elections and human conflict.
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Lewis Richardson-continued on the work of Dodgson 3) No easy explanations! We want an easy “Hitler caused the war!” not reality though… Ex. Language Theory If we could speak the same language, we could all understand….this effort died out. Esperanto Volapuk Ex. Ethnic conflict. . “They’ve always hated each other…” But there have been hundreds of years between states that “have always hated each  other” where there has been peace. Ex. Democratic Peace… There’s no one answer for why democracies don’t fight one another. Individual (1 st ) Hitler theories  State/Society (2 nd ) Democratic Peace theories System/Interstate/Global (3 rd Balance of Power approaches We will largely focus on 2 nd  and 3 rd   Most conflicts in Poli Sci deal with the 2 nd  and 3 rd  
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Wars by Type What is being fought over?
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2012 for the course ENTOMOLOGY 201 taught by Professor Goodman during the Spring '12 term at Wisconsin.

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Lecture Notes After 1st Midterm - LectureNotes2/28/12 20:31...

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