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CA100 Midterm Review Sheet - CA100 Review Sheet First...

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CA100 Review Sheet First Midterm Similarities and differences b/t public speaking and everyday conversation Similarities 1. Organizing your thoughts logically 2. Tailoring your message to your audience 3. Telling a story for maximum impact 4. Adapting to listener feedback Differences 1. PS is more highly structured 2. PS requires more formal language 3. PS requires a different method of delivery Methods of controlling nervousness and making it work for, rather than against, the speaker 1. Acquire speaking experience 2. Prepare 3. Think positively 4. Use the power of visualization 5. Know that most nervousness is not visual 6. Don’t expect perfection Identify and discuss the basic elements of the speech communication process 1. Speaker- who is delivering the speech 2. Message-what the speaker is saying 3. Channel-means by which the message is communicated 4. Listener/Audience-the person who receives the communicated message 5. Feedback-the audiences reaction (clapping, leaning forward with interest) 6. Interference-anything that interferes the communication of the message 7. Situation-the time and place in which speech communication occurs Define ethnocentrism, and explain why speakers need to avoid it The belief that our own group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures. -Can lead to prejudice and hostility toward different racial, ethnic, or cultural groups. Explain why a strong sense of ethical responsibility is vital for public speakers If you are speaking on a topic that you don’t believe in, that is a lie or unreliable, or that is dishonest, you aren’t being ethically sound. List and discuss the 5 guidelines for ethical speechmaking 1. Make sure your goals are ethically sound and you believe in what you’re saying 2. Be fully prepared for each speech-investigate the whole topic as thoroughly as possible and get the facts right. 3. Be honest in what you say-no lying about what you are saying and no plagiarizing. 4. Avoid name-calling and other forms of abusive language (racist, sexist, stereotypical words should be avoided) 5. Put ethical principles into practice- be ethical all the time Identify and differentiate among global plagiarism, patchwork plagiarism, and incremental plagiarism
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Global-stealing your entire speech from another source and making it seem like you wrote it Patchwork-copying work from a few different sources Incremental-ideas that are taken from other sources without giving them credit List and discuss the 3 basic guidelines for ethical listening 1. Be courteous and attentive 2. Avoid prejudging the speaker 3. Maintain the free and open expression of ideas Explain the difference between hearing and listening Hearing-physiological process involving the vibration of sound waves on our eardrums Listening-involves paying close attention to, and making sense of, what we hear.
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