Outline+15+Vietnam+War - Development of the United States a...

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Unformatted text preview: Development of the United States a V'e W ******** "If those gooks want a fight, they’ll get it." —-French General Etienne Valluy (1946) "You can kill ten of my men for every one I kill of yours. But even at those odds, you will lose and I will win." --Ho Chi Minh (c. 1948) "Once on the tiger’s back, we cannot be sure of picking the place to dismount." --American Undersecretary of State, George Ball. (1964) ******** Theme: the Vietnam War was an outgrowth of two long-term trends in the history of American and European imperialism: the American sense that they were engaged in a world wide struggle to establish democracy and capitalism and extinguish socialism and communism, and the post-WWII nationalist liberation movements, often supported by China and the Soviet Union, of nations under the imperial control of Britain and France. I. Imperialism Takes Control: Vietnam before American Involvement a. the origins of Vietnam: Chinese expansion b. unification in the early 19th century c. European involvement: Portuguese traders (17th century), French missionaries, Napoleon III colonizes for France d. the French presence: destruction of traditional way of life. II. Approaching Vietnam: from World War II to Dienbienphu a. Japanese occupation and the beginning of nationalist ‘ resistance b. Ho Chi Minh and V0 Nguyen Giap o. the road to Dienbienphu (1954) d. the Geneva accords (1954) III. The Politios of American Involvement a. Eisenhower: the domino theory and Diem - b. Kennedy: a new war against communism, the strategic hamlets program and American advisors, the murder of Diem : . c. Johnson: Gulf of Tomdn, combat troops & Rolling Thunder The Vietnam War IV. Fighting the Vietnam War a. Americans make war: helicopters and fire power b. fighting a jungle war against a guerrilla army with young recruits c. Tet (1968) V. Nixon and Kissinger: "Peace with Honor" a. Nixon as warmaker: cutting against the grain b. the destruction of Cambodia c. Vietnamization and troop withdrawal d. peace without honor and ending the draft e the fall of Saigon and Phnompenh VI. Consequences a. the American soldier b. the limits of American power? c. Vietnam and Cambodia today oThuot 9, A. S O U ,5 ~ ~gSongBe ’ _ ‘ 2, fJJf'Loc Ninh M Mn L-ocV ‘ E T N A MI Cam} \~ nBien Hoa *QZV‘X‘ Penho I I? Parrots Beak I." o ' L 'Siha'noukVillé ,7 ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2012 for the course US HISTORY 512:104 taught by Professor Stevenmcgrail during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

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Outline+15+Vietnam+War - Development of the United States a...

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