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Unformatted text preview: In-ClassThe End of the Cold War-Guatemalao36 year civil war, 200,000 casualties-El Salvadoro12-15 year civil war with 80,000 casualties-Nicaraguao45,000 casualties Sandinista Revolution (1970s)o43,000 casualties Contra War (1982 – 1989)-Majority of casualties are rural peasants, human rights abuses-Government use of death squads-Guerrilla assassinations and kidnappings -> not condoned by international morals, though did not account for many of the casualtiesThe Arias Plan-1987: Costa Rican president develops plan to stop war and fighting in the region -> come up with the Arias Plan-Calls for an immediate cease fire for all sides of every conflict-Once a cease fire occurs, sides will negotiation for a temporary power-sharing government-Termination of all outside aid (targets USA and Cuba)-Asks all LA states to Reduce their in armed forces (reason = Costa Rica does not have an army, helps them remain peaceful)-Calls for free elections-Surprisingly, all countries sign agreementoLooking to have a normalized existence...
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- Spring '11
- Cold War, Nicaragua, Sandinista National Liberation Front