Final Exam Review POLT 565

Final Exam Review POLT 565 - Final Exam Review! Proxy wars...

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Final Exam Review! Proxy wars - Two major powers fund opposing sides in a conflict - Cold war not so “cold” in Third World, lots of conflict - (Contras) Economic inequality Marxism Reform vs. Revolution Protectionist trade policy Import substitution industrialization Truman Doctrine - Dramatic shift in U.S. foreign policy (briefly held a policy of no intervention in the America’s, but now…) - Based on containment - “it must be the policy of the Unites States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures” - Gives the US wide latitude for intervention - Problem: most people in the world are not living in “free countries” - Here, the US likes dictatorships because they appear more stable and more susceptible to agree with US policies Containment - US policy to protect geopolitical and economic interests to ensure no disruption in the balance of power Kirkpatrick Doctrine - Supports the Reagan Doctrine o Where there is a commitment to arm and support rebel groups and armies to overthrow governments aligned with the Soviets - Makes the distinction between right wing authoritarian dictatorships and left-wing totalitarian dictatorships - ******** Somoza NICARAGUA - US ally, overthrown by Sandinista - Runs the National Guard and has Sandinista killed - Part of Operation Condor - ******** Trujillo DOMINICAN REPUBLIC - The US enlists his support for the PBFORTUNE & PRSUCCESS CIA operation to overthrow Arbenz - He consents to support in exchange for the assassination of 4 Dominican opponents living in Guatemala - *************** Che Guevara - Argentine marzist revolutionary - Figure of the Cuban Revolution Alliance for Progress - Establishes economic cooperation between the US and South America - Avoids inflation, establishes democracy, fosters price stability and economic and social planning Chilean exceptionalism - The region’s strignest democracy prior to 1973
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- Political spectrum was very wide Chilean pluralism - Strengthened democracy - Grievances were channeled through political parties/elections rather than violence - Well represented parties and politicians - Political diversity was respected by the system and largely represents the population - Extreme right to extreme left - The public was divided into thirds ideologically Allende - CHILE - US = opposed to Allende because he was elected in as a socialist Third Way to Socialism - Pioneered by Allende - Democracy, some aspects of capitalism, some aspects of communism (emphasis on equality and
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2012 for the course POLT 565 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at New Hampshire.

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Final Exam Review POLT 565 - Final Exam Review! Proxy wars...

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