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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 7 ADD THE BEGINNING OF THIS LECTURE! How do you Become a Bureaucrat?- political appointees o officials who occupy the most strategically important positions in federal government most appointed by the president o cabinet Secretaries – head agencies- about 9,000 political appointees o over 1,000 require Senate confirmation o 4,500 “general” spaces for either career or political appointees o 3,000 non-career positions (expire when the administration changes)- For politically appointed positions, you have to know someone o Patronage People are given positions to reward service and political loyalty First large scale use of patronage was Andrew Jackson – spoils system “to the victor go the spoils”- But most of the federal bureaucracy is based on a merit system of hiring and promotion o Pendleton Act (1883) reduced number of political appointees o Became the basis for the civil service- General Schedule (GS) civil service system- Other specialized federal job systems o Salaries based on GS level o SES – Senior Executive Service – top level administrators (2007) o Career service personnel systems, for people in specialized agencies o Wage system – for blue-collar federal jobs (hourly wage) Administration vs. Bureaucracy- Administration: all the ways in which human beings might rationally coordinate their efforts to achieve a common goal- Bureaucracy: the actual offices, tasks, and principles of organization that are employed in the most formal and sustained administrations o Continuous, routine business Why Bureaucracy?- Enhances efficiency o Division of labor o Routinization of tasks- Policy implementation o Make and enforce rules Rule making: quasi-legislative administration process that produces regulation by government agencies (they actually right the rules that enforce the bills that the legislation passes) Proxy administration of government programs through other organizations...
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- Spring '10
- agencies, political appointees, cabinet departments, iron policy triangles