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Lecture 13 Interest Groups POLT 402

Lecture 13 Interest Groups POLT 402 - Lecture 13 Interest...

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Lecture 13: Interest Groups - Founders concerns about interests o Federealist 10: Madison warns of “faction” This is usually interpreted to mean political parties, but was more likely in reference to the aristocratic parties in England which tended to revolve around either royalists and their supporters, rural landowners, and religious/military interests “By a faction, I understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adversed to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.” - Founders’ Concerns… o But while there was a great concern about factions working for self-interest, not the interests of the whole society, there was a recognition that governments are formed to protect self-interests - Origin of Interest Groups o 1 st Amendment: Congress shall make no law…abridging… the right of the people… to petition the government for a redress of grievances - Interest Groups o DEFINITION: an organized group of individuals who share common goals and who seek to influence government decision making Not the same as political parties Parties are broad-based coalitions interested in many issues – goal is to win elections and control the government Interest groups are typically interested in a narrow range of issues and want to influence policy o Why do we have organized interests? Power in numbers Professionalism Connections Ability to pool resources Growth in federal government budget - Types of Interests Groups o Economic Interest Groups o Citizens Activist Groups Public interest groups: represent what they think to be the interests of the public o Single issue groups – extremely narrow focus o Government interest groups o Foreign Nation Interest Groups (particularly in trade, military legislation
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- PACS: Political Action Committees o Independent organizations created solely for the purpose of contribution money to candidates political campaigns o
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