Lecture 12 outline

Lecture 12 outline - institutional change B. German...

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Government 40 World War I and its consequences I. Introduction: why does conflict go on when stalemate on western front emerges by December 1914? A. The problem: the alternatives to more attacks? Stay on defensive? First battles of trenches, French attack on Artois, French lose 100,000, Germans, on defensive, 75,000. Battle of Somme, 60,000 British casualties on first day, lasts 9 months: French and British together take about 600,000--but so do Germans. Verdun, toll is about equal on both sides: 330,000 Germans, 360,000 French. B. Information problems and reestablsihment of cooperation 1. What was the capacity of the military institutions to obtain and analyze information in wartime? 2. What is the capacity of military institutions to change their behavior in wartime, once information is available that suggests change is necessary? C. Economic conduct and impact of war II. Institutional capacity to learn A. British recognize problem early, but faces organizational barriers to
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Unformatted text preview: institutional change B. German organizational capacity is quite different. Brits are strong at strategic level, weak at operational and tactical level. Germans reverse. C. French army suffers from years of internal political conflict before war begins that hinders ability to learn, adapt. III. Economic impact of war A. Invasion of Belgium and northern France Longwy-Briey cripples French heavy industry as soon as August 1914. Only 6% of French territory, but 14% of industrial workers, 64% of iron production, 58% of steel, 40% of coal. France compensates, but slowly because of manpower problems, remaining heavy industrial centers were within artillery range of Germans. By 1915, French production of coal drops to 48% of 1914, up to 71% by 1917. Iron drops to 12% in 1915, 33% in 1917; steel drops to 23% in 1915, 47% in 1917. B. Allied embargo and the problem of information C. Economic response of Central Powers: central planning D. U-boat war 1...
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2012 for the course GOV 40 taught by Professor Stevenrosen during the Spring '10 term at Harvard.

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