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handout_7_transitives

handout_7_transitives - Set B(Absolutive su $ xes mark the...

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The FouR voices of TRAnsitive veRbs Imperfective Perfective Active THE BOY THROWS THE BALL THE BOY THREW THE BALL (A + P) Antipassive THE BOY THROWS THE BOY THREW (A only) Passive THE BALL IS THROWN THE BALL WAS THROWN (P highlighted) (BY THE BOY) (BY THE BOY) Mediopassive THE BALL GETS THROWN THE BALL GOT THROWN (P only)
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Imperfective Perfective Active I CLOSE THE DOOR I CLOSED THE DOOR (A + P) Antipassive I CLOSE I CLOSED (A only) Passive THE DOOR IS CLOSED THE DOOR WAS CLOSED (P highlighted) (BY ME) (BY ME) Mediopassive THE DOOR CLOSES THE DOOR CLOSED (P only) The FouR voices of TRAnsitive veRbs
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tRAnSITivE veRBS & PRonouns Ergative (Set A) Absolutive (Set B) s. pl. s. pl. 1st in ( w ) - k- -en ʔ on 2nd a ( w )- a ( w )-...- é ʔ e š -e č ʔ e š 3rd u ( y )- u ( y )-...- ó ʔ ob’ - Ø ʔ ob’ - Set A (Ergative) pre # xes : mark the agents of active transitive verbs and the subjects of imperfective detransitivized verbs.
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Unformatted text preview: - Set B (Absolutive) su $ xes : mark the patients of active transitive verbs, and the subjects of perfective detransitivized verbs. The FouR voices of yucATEC ROOT TRAnSITIvES Imperfective Perfective Active k-erg-CVC-ik-abs t-erg-CVC-ah-abs ( k-im-p’eh-ik-Ø ( t-im-p’eh-ah-Ø “I chip it”) “I chipped it”) Antipassive k-erg-CVVC-Ø CVVC-n-ah-Ø-abs ( k-im-p’èeh-Ø ( p’èeh-n-ah-Ø-en “I chip”) “I chipped”) Passive k-erg-CV ʔ VC-Vl . .. CV ʔ VC-Ø-abs ... ( k-u-p’é ʔ eh-el . .. ( p’é ʔ eh-Ø-Ø . .. “it is chipped . ..”) “it was chipped . ..”) Mediopassive k-erg-CVVC-Vl CVVC-ih-abs ( middle voice ) ( k-u-p’éeh-el ( p’éeh-ih-Ø “it chips [of itself]”) “it chipped [of itself]”)...
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  • Fall '09
  • MarcZender
  • Grammatical aspect, Intransitive verb, Transitive verb, transitive verbs, Ergative, active transitive verbs

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