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Unformatted text preview: 1 ANTH 1160 (Fall 2009): Dr. Marc Zender MW, 11am-12pm Putnam Lab (PM 59-D) Derived Intransitives Bricker (1998: 344-352) discusses seven classes of derived intransitive verbs. Yet we have already discussed three of these (#s 1, 2, and 6 below) under the rubric of voices of the root transitive verb, and so they will not be dealt with further here. Similarly, #3 probably re " ects a fossilized mediopassive su # x (-p-ah ) . As such, we will limit today's discussion to #s 4, 5 and 7, three derivations properly considered as derived intransitives: (1) passive stems derived from root and derived transitives (in CV ʔ VC-V l /CV ʔ VC- ih and -á ʔ al /-á ʔ ab’-ih ) (2) mediopassive (agentless) stems derived from root transitives (in CVVC-V l /CVVC- ih ) (3) intransitives that take the ‘agentless passive’ su # x - p (- ah ) ( k-u- č ul-p-ah-al it gets wet, č ul-p-ah-ih-Ø it got wet) (4) intransitives derived from verbs and nouns with the celeritive su # x - k’ (- ah ) (5) intransitives derived from verbs, nouns, adjectives, particles and compounds via the inchoative/versive su # x - č (- ah ) (6) antipassives derived from root or derived transitives (in CVVC-Ø/CVVC- n- ah and either - ah /- ah- n- ah or -Ø/- n- ah ) (7) intransitives derived from verbs, nouns and adjectives via the a & ective su # xes - b’- al or -( á ) ankil 2 AFFECT veRBS A & ect Verbs A & ects are a special class of derived intransitive verbs referring to vivid events ( e.g., loud noises, bright lights), onomatopoeic actions and emotional states. As be ’ ts their descriptive role, a & ects seem to be recruited largely from nouns (root and derived), adjectives, and positionals. A & ects take one of two stem su # xes: (1) - b’al a & ects. These are typically concerned with the texture of objects, and particularly with changes in surface texture. These verbs take the same in " ectional su # xes as antipassives: - Ø, - n- ah , - n- ak and - n- en . k u-hol-b’al-Ø it becomes slippery hol-b’al-n-ah-ih- Ø it became slippery ká ʔ (ah) hol-b’al-n-ak- Ø it might become slippery hol-b’al-n-en become slippery!...
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- Fall '09
- Intransitive verb, Transitive verb, root transitive verb, positional verbs