Yucatec_class 7

Yucatec_class 7 - ANTH 1160 (Fall 2009): Dr. Marc Zender...

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1 ANTH 1160 (Fall 2009): Dr. Marc Zender MW, 11am-12pm Putnam Lab (PM 59-D) IntRAnSItivE veRbs
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2 PRonouns & IntRAnSITIvEs Ergative (Set A) Absolutive (Set B) 1st 2nd 3rd - Set A (Ergative) pre # xes : mark the subjects of imperfective intransitive verbs. - Set B (Absolutive) su $ xes : (1) mark the subjects of perfective intransitive verbs (“split ergativity”). Remember that aspect is always marked in two ways: (1) Verbal su ! xes . The verb accepts su $ xes which mark it as basically perfective or imperfective . For intransitive verbs, these su $ xes are usually either - V 1 l or (imperfective) and - ih or - Ø (perfective). (2) Pre " xation of aspect words . The verb is pre # xed by terms re & ecting the status of an action — e.g., its inception, conclusion, proximity, distance, etc . - imperfective stems accept the following aspect words: k - incompletive, habitual (English -s in eats, runs ) t ( áan ) - durative, ongoing (English -ing in eating ) ( ó ʔ ok ) - terminative (English already eaten ) ʔ op - inceptive (English start to eat ) yàan - compulsive (English must eat ) tàak - desiderative (English anxious to eat ) - perfective stems accept only the following two pre # xes: t- (on transitive stems) h- (on intransitive stems)
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3 Root Intransitives A verb is classi # ed as a root intransitive if a causative transitive stem can be derived from it by su $ xing - s to the root. Most root intransitives form the imperfective stem with a -V 1 l su $ x, in which the vowel (V) of the su $ x echoes that of the verb root: ʔ ah wake up > ʔ ah-al ʔ éem descend > ʔ éem-el ʔ ok enter > ʔ ok-ol kíim die > kíim-il púu & ee, elope > púu ’-ul In a few cases, the imperfective stem is marked by no su $ x at all: b’in go > b’in tàal come > tàal máan pass > máan ʔ ú ʔ ul arrive > ʔ ú ʔ ul However, all root intransitives form the perfective stem with -Ø or - ih : k u-wen-el he sleeps táan u-wen-el he is sleeping ( ó ʔ ok ) u-wen-el he already sleeps (!) h wèen-ih- Ø he slept The verb hóok’ ‘leave, go out’ Imperfective k-in-hóok’-ol I leave k-a-hóok’-ol you leave k-u-hóok’-ol he/she/it leaves k-hóok’-ol we leave k-a-hóok’-ol-é ʔ e š y’all leave k-u-hóok’-ol-ó ʔ ob’ they leave Imperfective (h)-hóok’-Ø-en I left (h)-hóok’-Ø-e č you left (h)-hóok’-ih-Ø he/she/it left (h)-hóok’-Ø-ó ʔ on we left (h)-hóok’-Ø-é ʔ e š y’all left (h)-hóok’-Ø-ó ʔ ob’ they left
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4 The verb ʔ éem ‘to descend’ Imperfective k-i ŋ w-éem-el I descend k-aw-éem-el you descend k-uy-éem-el he/she/it descends k- ʔ éem-el we descend k-aw-éem-el-é ʔ e š y’all descend k-uy-éem-el-ó ʔ ob’ they descend Perfective h-éem-Ø-en I descended h-éem-Ø-e č you descended h-éem-ih-Ø he/she/it descended h-éem-Ø-ó ʔ on we descended h-éem-Ø-é ʔ e š y’all descended h-éem-Ø-ó ʔ ob’ they descended Yucatec Riddle Collected by J. Eric S. Thompson (Socotz, Belize, 1933) Ua hach naatech naateche Uiih tu bin naah tu zut C ħ oy cu paytic c ħ een Wáah ha č ʔ at-e č ; ʔ at-e
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2012 for the course ANTHRO 1160 taught by Professor Marczender during the Fall '09 term at Harvard.

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Yucatec_class 7 - ANTH 1160 (Fall 2009): Dr. Marc Zender...

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