Yucatec_class 5-6

Yucatec_class 5-6 - ANTH 1160 (Fall 2009): Dr. Marc Zender...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 ANTH 1160 (Fall 2009): Dr. Marc Zender MW, 11am-12pm Putnam Lab (PM 59-D) A speCt
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Aspect - Mayan languages typically do not mark tense ( i.e. , past, present, future). Instead they employ “a system of aspectual in " ection that indicates whether an action has been completed or not, whether it is just beginning or ending or has been in progress for a while” (p.330). - Aspect is marked in two complementary ways: (1) Verb stem changes . The verb accepts su $ xes which mark it as either perfective or imperfective . - perfective refers to completed action. It is restricted to the past, but this can be either immediate or distant. The su $ xes involved are - ah (for transitive verbs) and - ih (for intransitive verbs). - imperfective refers to actions that are ongoing, and which may be located in the past, present or future. The su $ xes involved are - ik (for transitive verbs) and either -Ø or - V 1 l (for intransitive verbs). - Aspect is marked in two complementary ways: (1) Verb stem changes . The verb accepts su $ xes which mark it as either perfective (- ah, - ih) or imperfective (- ik , -Ø, -V 1 l ). (2) Pre # xation of aspect words. The verb is pre % xed by terms re " ecting the status of an action — e.g. , its inception, conclusion, proximity, distance, etc . Imperfective stems accept the following aspect words: k - incompletive, habitual t ( áan ) - durative, ongoing ( e.g., English -ing ) c’ ( ó ʔ ok ) - terminative ( e.g., English already ) ʔ op’ - inceptive/inchoative ( e.g., English begin ) yàan - compulsive ( e.g., English must ) tàak - desiderative ( e.g., English want/need to ) Perfective stems accept only t - (for transitive stems) and h - (for intransitive stems).
Background image of page 2
3 TRAnSItivE veRbS The FouR voices of TRAnsitive veRbs Imperfective Perfective Active THE BOY THROWS THE BALL THE BOY THREW THE BALL (A + P) Antipassive THE BOY THROWS THE BOY THREW (A only) Passive THE BALL IS THROWN THE BALL WAS THROWN (P highlighted) (BY THE BOY) (BY THE BOY) Mediopassive THE BALL GETS THROWN THE BALL GOT THROWN (P only)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Imperfective Perfective Active I CLOSE THE DOOR I CLOSED THE DOOR (A + P) Antipassive I CLOSE I CLOSED (A only) Passive THE DOOR IS CLOSED THE DOOR WAS CLOSED (P highlighted) (BY ME) (BY ME) Mediopassive THE DOOR CLOSES THE DOOR CLOSED (P only) The FouR voices of TRAnsitive veRbs tRAnSITivE veRBS & PRonouns Ergative (Set A) Absolutive (Set B) 1st 2nd 3rd - Set A (Ergative) pre % xes : mark the agents of active transitive verbs and the subjects of imperfective detransitivized verbs. - Set B (Absolutive) su $ xes : mark the patients of active transitive verbs, and the subjects of perfective detransitivized verbs.
Background image of page 4
5 The FouR voices of yucATEC ROOT TRAnSITIvES Imperfective Perfective Active k - erg -CVC- ik - abs t- erg -CVC- ah - abs ( k-im-p’eh-ik-Ø ( t-im-p’eh-ah-Ø “I chip it”) “I chipped it”) Antipassive k- erg -CVVC-Ø CVVC- n-ah- Ø- abs ( k-im-p’èeh-Ø ( p’èeh-n-ah-Ø-en “I chip”) “I chipped”) Passive k- erg -CV ʔ VC-Vl . .. CV ʔ VC-Ø- abs ...
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/07/2012 for the course ANTHRO 1160 taught by Professor Marczender during the Fall '09 term at Harvard.

Page1 / 14

Yucatec_class 5-6 - ANTH 1160 (Fall 2009): Dr. Marc Zender...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online