Yucatec_class 3

Yucatec_class 3 - 1 ANTH 1160 (Fall 2009): Dr. Marc Zender...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 ANTH 1160 (Fall 2009): Dr. Marc Zender MW, 11am-12pm Putnam Lab (PM 59-D) Mayan Languages Yucatec North Lakantun South Lakantun Itzaj Mopan Huastec Chikomuseltek Ch'ol Acalan Chontal Ch'olti' Ch'orti' Tzendal Chaneabal Tzeltal Tzotzil Tojolab'al Qanjobal Akatek Jakaltek Chuj Motosintlek Tektitek Tusantek Mam Awakatek Ixil Teko Kaqchikel Kichee Sakapultek Sipakapa Qeqchi Uspantek Poqomam Poqomchi Tzutujil Huastec 2 C H O L T I Mayan Family Tree (and the Historical Position of the Yukatekan languages) ( red = descent of Classic Mayan; * = Classic Mayan; = extinct; ) 3 42. *CV:C > CV:C i.e., roots with ancestral long vowels gained a low tone; e.g., pYuk *tuup earring > Yuc tup ( cf. Itzaj tuup ) 43. *CV VC > CV: VC i.e., roots with intervocalic glottal stop took a high tone on the first vowel; e.g., pYuk *buul "beans" > Yuc buul "beans") 44. *CVhC > CV:C i.e., roots with preconsonantal- h gained a high tone; e.g., pYuk *mahk turtle shell > Yuc mak ( cf. Itzaj maak ) 45. *CV C > CV:C i.e., roots with preconsonantal- became long vowels with low tone, thereby merging with reflexes of pYuk * CV:C 4 46. *h > (except word-initially), *j > h i.e., ancestral *h [h] is lost in most positions of a word (except word-initially), then * j [x] becomes h [h]. - this is an important sound change; one of the few that we can actually observe occurring in early dictionaries, where Kaufman (1983:210) was able to show that Colonial Yucatec still contrasted *h and *j word- initially. The 16th-century Motul dictionary, for instance, refers to these two h s as h simple (written H ) and h recia (written h ). By the 18th- century, however, sources cease to distinguish these two sounds, suggesting that their merger as...
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Yucatec_class 3 - 1 ANTH 1160 (Fall 2009): Dr. Marc Zender...

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