Nietzsche Ashley Overview SG

Nietzsche Ashley Overview SG - How is Christian morality a...

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Study Guide for Ashley Overview of Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) The authors give an overview of Nietzsche’s life, the social context within which he lived and worked, and a discussion of the intellectual roots of his thinking. The sections are interesting and if you have time I encourage you to read it. The main section to focus your time and effort on are pp. 437-450. Society Classical sociology attempts to provide arguments that will legitimize or provide the rational basis for modern societies. Nietzsche’s work challenges the view that reason or sociological science can provide a foundation for a moral order (or put differently that science can discover the essence of the social world such that it can provide the basis for society). In what ways does he challenge the modernist project of sociology? Nietzsche makes a distinction between “master morality” and “slave morality.” Describe each. How does the analogy of the eagles and lambs illustrate each morality? How does the inversion of slave morality over master morality take place?
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Unformatted text preview: How is Christian morality a form of slave morality? According to Nietzsche, when is asceticism (or self-denial) acceptable and when is it problematic? Individual in Society What are Nietzsche’s criticisms of modern, capitalist societies? How do they threaten individuality rather than promote it? (Think here of individuality as one in which the person(s) truly seeks to be all they can be). What is wrong with democracy? Methodology What was Nietzsche’s understanding of truth? What are his criticisms of positivistic science? Vision of the Future How does Nietzsche understand the connection between modernity and nihilism? How is this exemplified in his claim that “god is dead”? Contemporary Relevance The authors end their overview with a discussion of the contemporary relevance of Nietzsche in sociology (pp. 450-455). Look over this section if you have time but we may not have enough class time to discuss much of it....
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