Friedrich Nietzsche, Twilight of the Idols, I, p. 467
Regarding the sounding out of idols, this time they are not just idols of the age, but
eternal idols, which are here touched with a hammer as with a tuning fork; there are
altogether no older, no more convinced, no more puffed-up idols—and non more hollow.
That does not prevent them from being those in which people have the most faith…
Friedrich Nietzsche, Daybreak, 1-2
In this book you will discover a “subterranean man” at work, one who tunnels and mines
and undermines…. I tunneled into the foundations, I commenced an investigation and
digging out of an ancient faith, one upon which we philosophers have for a couple of
millennia been accustomed to build as if on the firmest of all foundations—and have
continued to do so even though every building hitherto erected on them has fallen down.
Friedrich Nietzsche, Human, All Too Human, 1, 2
Family failing of philosophers
—All philosophers have the common failing of starting out
from man as he is now and thinking they can reach their goal through an analysis of him.
They involuntarily think of ‘man’ as an
, as something that remains
constant in the midst of all flux, as a sure measure of things.
Everything the philosopher
has declared about man is, however, at bottom no more than a testimony as to the man of
period of time.
Lack of historical sense is the family failing of all
philosophers…. But everything has become: there are
no eternal facts
, just as there are no
Consequently what is needed from now on is
and with it the virtue of modesty.
Friedrich Nietzsche, Daybreak, I 95
Historical refutation as the definitive refutation
.—In former times, one sought to prove
that there is no God—today one indicates how the belief that there is a God could
and how this belief acquired its weight and importance: a counter-proof that there is no
God thereby become superfluous…. In former times… atheists did not know how to
make a clean sweep.
Friedrich Nietzsche, The Gay Science, 357
The ungodliness of existence counted for [Schopenhauer] as something given, palpable,
indisputable; he always lost his philosopher’s composure and became indignant when he
saw anyone hesitate or beat around the bush on this point.
This is the locus of his whole
integrity; unconditional and honest atheism is simply the
of his way of
putting the problem, as a victory of the European conscience won finally and with great
difficulty; as the most fateful act of two thousand years of discipline for truth that in the
end forbids itself the
of faith in God… One can see
it was that actually
triumphed over the Christian god: Christian morality itself, the concept of truthfulness
that was taken ever more rigorously….
Friedrich Nietzsche, Twilight of the Idols, IV, 5