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33621 - Epidemiology of Type 2 Diabetes 2009 Middle Eastern...

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The findings and conclusions in this presentation are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the CDC. Epidemiology of Type 2 Diabetes 2009 Middle Eastern Region Epidemiology Supercourse Bibliotheca Alexandria, Egypt Edward Gregg, PhD Epidemiology and Statistics Branch Division of Diabetes Translation Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta, GA
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What is the role of epidemiology in guiding the public health response to diabetes?
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Definitions of Public Health: The science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health through organized efforts of society. …The Acheson Report, Public Health In England, 1988 One of the efforts organized by society to protect, promote, and restore the people’s health…..Emphasizes the prevention of disease and the health needs of the population as a whole. Public health is a social institution, a discipline, and a practice. John Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995
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Health Policies Health Services and Systems Health Promotion
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Major Public Health Successes During the 20 th Century Control of infectious diseases Vaccination Healthy foods and safe water Water chlorination Reduced automobile deaths Reduced occupational injuries and deaths Reduced maternal and infant mortality Reduction of deaths due to cardiovascular diseases CDC, MMWR , 1999
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Key Steps in the Public Health Research Leading to Public Health Decision Making Surveillance and Descriptive Epidemiology Identify public health problems and their magnitude Identify high risk populations amenable to intervention Monitor health of the population Analytic and Clinical Epidemiology: Identify modifiable risk factors Examine effectiveness of interventions in the clinical setting aimed at the individual Health Services, Cost-Effective, and Translation Research Examine the effectiveness of different health service, program, or policy- level interventions. Examine the cost effectiveness of successful interventions Prioritize and Implement Effective Interventions and Programs
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Objectives / Outline Describe the principles of diabetes surveillance and the application of epidemiologic methods to chronic disease surveillance. Describe the development of the U.S. diabetes surveillance system. Summarize what we have learned from the diabetes surveillance system about successes, failures, and needs in the public health response to diabetes. Limitations, future needs and implications for future systems.
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Public Health Surveillance is the ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of data regarding a health-related event for use in public health action to reduce morbidity and mortality and to improve health.
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