M351 Notes-Day 6 Bonds 3

# M351 Notes-Day 6 Bonds 3 - See example transaction on...

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M351 Notes, Class 6: Bonds, pages 709-723 A. Ratios in Chapter 14: 1. Debt to Total Assets = Total Debt Total Assets What must KWW assume is included in Total Debt in the calculation in Illustration 14-21 on page 713? 2. Times Interest Earned = Income before taxes and interest expense Interest expense 3. Accounting equation: C + OA = L + PIC + BRE + R – X + G – L – D Where: C = Change in Cash, OA = Change in other assets, L = Change in Liabilities, PIC = Change in paid-in capital, BRE = Beginning Retained Earnings, R = Revenues, X = Expenses, G = Gains, L = Losses, and D = Dividends On the exam I will likely include some questions asking you to assess the effects of transactions on financial ratios and on financial statements. B. Accounting for Troubled Debt 1. Impairment Loss = Carrying amount of investment minus Present value of revised cash flows at historical discount rate. See Illustration 14A-5 on page 721. 1

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2. Troubled debt restructuring A. Settlement of debt at less than its carrying amount
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Unformatted text preview: See example transaction on transfer of assets on page 717 and note that the lender records a loss by making a Debit to Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. The borrower records a loss on the assets transferred to the lender and a gain on restructuring of the debt. B. Continuation of debt with revised terms Can include: Reduction of stated interest Extension of maturity date for face amount Reduction of the face amount due Reduction or deferral of interest When the total future cash flows for the revised debt are greater than or equal to the pre-restructuring carrying amount, the borrower records no gain. The lender does recognize the loss and modifies its journal entries (see example on pages 720-721. When the pre-restructuring carrying amount exceeds the total future cash flows, the borrower records a gain (see example starting on the page 721 and continuing through page 722). 2...
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M351 Notes-Day 6 Bonds 3 - See example transaction on...

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