ch 3 org commitment

ch 3 org commitment - Organizational Commitment 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Organizational Commitment 1 Organizational Commitment Organizational Organizational commitment is defined as the desire on the part of an employee to remain a member of the organization. Organizational commitment influences whether an Organizational employee stays a member of the organization or leaves to pursue another job. pursue 2 Organizational Commitment and Employee Withdrawal and 3 Types of Commitment Types Affective commitment – a desire to remain a member of an organization due to an emotional attachment to, and involvement with, that organization. involvement Continuance commitment - a desire to remain a member of an organization because of an awareness of the costs associated with leaving it. You stay because you want to. You to. You stay because you need to. You to. Normative commitment - a desire to remain a member of an organization due to a feeling of obligation. You stay because you ought to. You to. 4 Three Types of Organizational Commitment Commitment 5 Drivers of Overall Organizational Commitment Overall 6 Affective Commitment Affective Employees who feel a sense of affective Employees commitment identify with the organization, accept that organization’s goals and values, and are more willing to exert extra effort on behalf of the organization. behalf “She’s committed” “He’s loyal” Southwest Airline Southwest http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V7P0T9IbYKU&fea Social Network Theories Social The erosion model suggests that employees with fewer bonds will be most likely to quit the organization. The social influence model suggests that employees who have direct linkages with “leavers” will themselves become more likely to leave. A B Continuance Commitment Continuance Continuance commitment exists when there is Continuance a profit associated with staying and a cost associated with leaving. associated Tends to create a more passive form of loyalty. Increases to continuance commitment: Total amount of investment (in terms of time, effort, Total energy, etc.) an employee has made in mastering his work role or fulfilling his organizational duties. work Lack of employment alternatives Embeddedness and Continuance Commitment Commitment Embeddedness summarizes a person’s links to the organization and the community, his sense of fit with that organization and community, and what he would have to sacrifice for a job change. he Strengthens continuance commitment by providing more Strengthens reasons why a person needs to stay in his or her current position (and more sources of anxiety if he or she were to leave). leave). Normative Commitment Normative Normative commitment exists when there is a sense that staying is the “right” or “moral” thing to do. The sense that people should stay with their current The employers may result from personal work philosophies or more general codes of right and wrong developed over the course of their lives. wrong Build a sense of obligation-based commitment among Build employees: employees: Create a feeling that the employee is in the Create organization’s debt organization’s Becoming a particularly charitable organization OB on Screen OB The Firm What type of organizational commitment does the What firm try to increase? firm What are their specific strategies? Please discuss with group members Summarize in a paper Submit it after class (group # & names of participating Submit members) members) 12 ...
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