Unformatted text preview: Organizational
Commitment 1 Organizational Commitment
Organizational Organizational commitment is defined as the desire
on the part of an employee to remain a member of the
organization. Organizational commitment influences whether an
employee stays a member of the organization or leaves to
pursue another job.
pursue 2 Organizational Commitment
and Employee Withdrawal
and 3 Types of Commitment
Types Affective commitment – a desire to remain a member of an
organization due to an emotional attachment to, and
involvement with, that organization.
involvement Continuance commitment - a desire to remain a
an organization because of an awareness of the costs associated
with leaving it. You stay because you want to.
to. You stay because you need to.
to. Normative commitment - a desire to remain a member of an
organization due to a feeling of obligation. You stay because you ought to.
to. 4 Three Types of
Commitment 5 Drivers of
Overall Organizational Commitment
Overall 6 Affective Commitment
Affective Employees who feel a sense of affective
commitment identify with the organization,
accept that organization’s goals and values,
and are more willing to exert extra effort on
behalf of the organization.
“She’s committed” “He’s loyal” Southwest Airline
Southwest http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V7P0T9IbYKU&fea Social Network Theories
The erosion model suggests
that employees with fewer
bonds will be most likely to
The social influence model
suggests that employees who
have direct linkages with
“leavers” will themselves
become more likely to leave. A B Continuance Commitment
Continuance Continuance commitment exists when there is
a profit associated with staying and a cost
associated with leaving.
Tends to create a more passive form of loyalty. Increases to continuance commitment:
Total amount of investment (in terms of time, effort,
energy, etc.) an employee has made in mastering his
work role or fulfilling his
work Lack of employment alternatives Embeddedness and Continuance
Commitment Embeddedness summarizes a person’s links to the
organization and the community, his sense of fit
with that organization and
community, and what
he would have to
sacrifice for a job change.
he Strengthens continuance commitment by providing more
reasons why a person needs to stay in his or her current
position (and more sources of anxiety if he or she were to
leave). Normative Commitment
Normative Normative commitment exists when there is a sense
that staying is the “right” or “moral” thing to do.
The sense that people should stay with their current
employers may result from personal work
philosophies or more general codes of right and
wrong developed over the course of their lives.
Build a sense of obligation-based commitment among
employees: Create a feeling that the employee is in the
Becoming a particularly charitable organization OB on Screen
OB The Firm
What type of organizational commitment does the
firm try to increase?
firm What are their specific strategies? Please discuss with group members Summarize in a paper Submit it after class (group # & names of participating
members) 12 ...
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- Fall '08
- Energy, Member of Parliament, Stay, Organizational commitment