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ch 14 leadership styles_behaviors

ch 14 leadership styles_behaviors - Ch 14 Leadership...

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Unformatted text preview: Ch 14 Leadership: Styles & Behaviors 1 Approach to Leadership Approach Trait approach Behavioral approach Contingency approach Transformational Approach Emerging Approach 2 Trait Approach Trait Leaders are considered to have unique traits or Leaders characteristics to differentiate themselves from others others Leader Prototypes Mental representations the traits possessed by leaders 3 Key Positive Leadership Traits Key Intelligence – ability to think strategically, reason analytically, and exercise good judgment exercise Self-confidence – gains trust by being sure of own actions and not Self-confidence being defensive about making mistakes being Determination – high energy, motivation, need for achievement Determination Honesty and integrity – being truthful, consistency between words Honesty and actions and Sociability – refers to being open, honest, competent, forward Sociability looking, and inspiring. looking, Emotional intelligence - Ability to manage oneself and one’s Emotional Ability relationships in mature and constructive ways. Extroversion – deriving energy from others Extroversion Conscientiousness / Openness to experience Conscientiousness Openness 4 Behavioral Approach Behavioral Ohio State Studies Low Consideration Behavior High Consideration Behavior Low Initiating Structure Behavior High Initiating Structure Behavior 5 Behavioral Approach Behavioral Consideration Leader creates environment of emotional support, warmth, Leader friendliness, & trust friendliness, HOW: by listening, being friendly & approachable, HOW: looking out for followers’ personal welfare & doing them looking small favors small Behavior to bring out friendship, mutual trust, respect, and Behavior warmth in leader-member relationships warmth This is related to employee-oriented behavior – an This approach to leadership that aims at satisfying the social and emotional needs of group members. emotional 6 Behavioral Approach Behavioral Initiating structure Degree to which leader organizes & defines relationships Degree in group by activities such as assigning specific tasks, specifying procedures to be followed, scheduling work, clarifying expectations of group members clarifying This is related to task-oriented behavior which is an This approach to leadership that focuses on supervision of group members to obtain consistent work methods and job accomplishments accomplishments 7 Four Leadership Styles Four in Behavioral Approach Showing Consideration High Low Emphasizes reaching the Seeks input from goal while welcoming others before taking suggestions and action; gets consensus encouraging consensus Passive, noncommittal, low impact on followers Low Takes charge, structures employees tasks High Initiating Structure 8 Contingency Approach Contingency Effective traits and behaviors that will lead to Effective success are contingent upon the situation contingent Fiedler’s contingency theory House’s path-goal theory 9 House’s Path-Goal Theory House’s Employee Characteristics Characteristics Locus of control Leader Behaviors Path­goal clarifying Achievement oriented Work facilitation Task ability Need for achievement Experience Need for clarity Employee motivation Supportive Employee satisfaction Interaction facilitation Employee performance Group oriented­ decision making Representation and networking Value based Leadership Effectiveness Effectiveness Environmental Factors Environmental Factors Leader acceptance Work­unit performance Task structure Work group dynamics 10 House’s Path-Goal Theory House’s Contingency factors Variables that influence the Variables appropriateness of a leadership style appropriateness Follower characteristics Environmental factors Managerial implications Effective leaders possess and use more than one Effective leadership style leadership Effective leaders change leadership styles Effective contingent on followers and circumstances contingent 11 Fill out the survey Fill Three different leadership styles Transformational leadership Empowering leadership Shared leadership Please read the instruction carefully These leadership styles can be These considered as advanced behavioral approaches to leadership approaches 12 Transformational approach Transformational Transactional Transactional Leadership focuses on Leadership clarifying employees’ clarifying roles and providing rewards contingent on performance performance Appeal to what Appeal followers want (rewards) (rewards) Transformational Transformational leadership transforms employees to pursue organizational goals over self-interest over Appeal to followers’ Appeal values, beliefs, selfvalues, concept 13 Dimensions of Transformational Leadership Transformational Idealized influence involves behaving in ways that earn the admiration, trust, and respect of followers, causing followers to want to identify with and emulate the leader. emulate Inspirational motivation involves behaving in ways that foster an enthusiasm for and commitment to a shared vision of the future. shared Dimensions of Transformational Leadership Transformational Intellectual stimulation involves behaving in ways that challenge followers to be innovative and creative by questioning assumptions and reframing old situations in new ways. situations Individualized consideration involves behaving in Individualized ways that help followers achieve their potential through coaching, development, and mentoring. through Transformational Leaders: Vision Statements Walt Disney, Walt Disney, Co. Herb Kelleher, Southwest Airlines Provide wholesome, high-quality entertainment to families Provide throughout the world throughout To provide excellent service and great value to the flying To public public Mary Kay Ash, Mary Kay Cosmetics To enhance the self-esteem of women by building their To financial independence while providing quality cosmetics. financial 16 OB in Movies Castaway Is he more likely a transactional leader or a Is transformational leader? transformational Braveheart Is he more likely a transactional leader or a Is transformational leader? transformational 17 Emerging Approach Emerging Empowering leadership is defined as the process Empowering of implementing conditions that enable sharing power with an employee by delineating the greater decision-making autonomy, expressing confidence in the employee’s capabilities, and removing hindrances to performance removing 18 Emerging Approach Emerging Shared leadership involves simultaneous, ongoing, mutual influence process in which people share responsibility for leading. This works particularly well for knowledge work where voluntary contributions of intellectual capital are required from professionals. professionals. 19 ...
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