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Unformatted text preview: Exam 2- Chapters 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14 18 questions: short answers, lists and describing, matching vocab and def, Terminology: MATCHING Norms: rules that every member is expected to follow concerning the issues, topics and modes of transmission that are acceptable to the other members. Roles: a cluster of riles in a group that define who has the right to transmit particular kinds of messages and who must pay attention to them Ranks: the rules that define communication patterns based on authority, power and privilege within a group. (Example: rank determines who issues orders and whose messages are regarded as important. Controls: messages that provide sanctions--- rewards for compliance and punishments for deviation from the communication rules of the group Informal communication: communication that takes place in the absence of deliberately designed barriers or constraints---spontaneous and unrestrained. People feel relative free t say what they feel and do not constantly worry that their meaning will be misunderstood or they will arouse hostile responses. Formal communication: controlled communication among parties who are allowed or required by the groups coded rules to transmit particular messages to specific receivers using officially designed rules and restrictions. Enculturation: process of acquiring understandings of a persons general culture including not only language but shared beliefs, emotional orientation, attitudes and vales that make a person an accepted member of society Cultural relativity: a perspective for judging other peoples culturesrecognizing and accepting the idea that people do things differently and that what works for them is all right, no absolute standard for how people should think or act Principle of the salient characteristic: when meaning characteristic is added and changing the meaning or image of something Principal of labels as shaping perception: giving a label on something or someone, (drug addict, prostitute) that change the way you look. Principle of implicit personality formation: The reason we form impressions of another person, or construct interpretations of his or her implicit personality, is because we are trying to predict in our own minds how that person will behave towards us an others. Principle of covarying attribution: internal/external on why people do what they do, personality to do it or external, other force involved (where they come from, how raised) Principal of rapid formation: form impression quickly with only limited amount of information Attribution process: assignment to another individual of carious personal qualities, conditions,...
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- Spring '08