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Week 2 Outline ScWk 170 Section 2

Week 2 Outline ScWk 170 Section 2 - Week 2 Overview ...

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Unformatted text preview: Week 2 - Overview for Today I.  Where do we learn knowledge? - - scien5fic methods II.  Why social workers learn research methods III.  Overview of the Research Process IV. Ethical issues in social work research ◦  ◦  ◦  ◦  Guidelines Weighing cost and benefits Ethical vs. poli7cal issues In- Class Exercise I. WHERE DO WE LEARN KNOWLEDGE? • Many ways of knowing… - - scien7fic methods • Everything is open to ques7on • Evidence based on observa7on - - “empirical” evidence • Pursuit of objec7vity II. WHY RESEARCH METHODS? 1. To be a wise consumer of research •  Cri7cally appraise and use research •  Beware of unevenness of exis7ng studies (e.g., “rebirthing” therapy) •  Impetus for evidence- based prac7ce WHY S.W. RESEARCH METHODS (ConDnued) 2. To evaluate effec5veness: prac5ce & programs 3. To conduct need assessments 4. Especially out of compassion for clients •  Basic vs. Applied research •  Parallels between research & prac7ce WHY RESEARCH METHODS? (ConDnued) 5. To stay in compliance with professional ethics: NASW website: hPp://www.socialworkers.org/pubs/code/default.asp See sec5on 5.02 SOCIAL WORKERS ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE SOCIAL WORK PROFESSION - “Evalua5on and Research” III. Overview of the Research Process 1.  Problem formula5on (including research ques7ons, lit review) 2.  Methodology §༊  Opera7onaliza7on and measurement §༊  Study popula7on and sampling §༊  Research design §༊  Data collec7on §༊  Data analysis plan 3.  Implementa5on – Data collec7on 4.  Data analysis 5.  Dissemina5on IV. ETHICAL ISSUES: Guidelines 1) Voluntary Par7cipa7on – Must be voluntary – No coercion – Ins7tu7onal Review Board (IRB) 2) Informed Consent – En7tlement – IRB approval II. ETHICAL ISSUES: Guidelines (ConDnued) 3) Cause No harm/Distress to Par7cipants –༉ When: Choosing research design, analyzing data, & repor7ng findings –༉ IRB approval 4) Ensure Privacy –༉ Handling subject’s iden7ty –༉ Anonymity - Confiden7ality –༉ IRB approval II. ETHICAL ISSUES: Guidelines (ConDnued) 5) Avoid Decep7on – If necessary, should be strongly jus7fied – IRB approval 6) Avoid Scien7fic Fraud and Misconduct – Obliga7on to professional colleagues 7) Avoid Bias and Insensi7vity Regarding Diversity - - Inherently subjec7ve decisions - - No objec7ve formula III. ETHICAL ISSUES: Ethical vs. Poli5cal Issues -   Research methods vs. U7liza7on of research findings -   Formal codes of conducts -   Values, poli7cs and ideology -   Ethical Issues – Class Exercise Ethical Issues in Social Work – Class Exercise Listed below are some research situa5ons that you may encounter in your professional prac5ce. Iden5fy possible viola5on of either ethical guidelines discussed in the class or the social work profession’s code of ethics. 1.  While parents await their children in the wai7ng room of a Child Guidance Center, the center’s social worker staff instructs them to complete a ques7onnaire on child- rearing aftudes. The staff will use the findings of this study to prepare a proposal for funding for a parent educa7on program. 2.  A community organizer decides to observe and interview people, and write about a demonstra7on against police brutality that is expected to be a lawful. The demonstra7on unexpectedly becomes violent, and property is destroyed. Law enforcement officials show up and demand that the organizer iden7fy people observed breaking the law. Rather than risk arrest as an accomplice ajer the fact, the organizer complies. 3.  Social workers in a bakered person’s program conduct an evalua7on of the effec7veness of the services provided by the program, hoping to bring visibility and resources to the program by publishing the findings. The findings, however, unexpectedly indicate that the services are not effec7ve. In light of these findings the social workers decide they must not have conducted a proper study of the services that they are convinced are effec7ve, and decide not to let anyone know about the study. 4.  Two social work students decide to conduct for their class research a project that involves observing the nocturnal ac7vi7es at a shelter for the homeless. The shelter has a limited number of beds and cannot accommodate everyone seeking housing. The two students show up and wait in line early enough to get beds and then watch and record the goings on at night while they pretend to be asleep. 5  A new interven7on is adver7sed as an extremely effec7ve, powerful grief therapy for poskrauma7c stress disorder among vic7ms of sexual assaults. Although sufficient resources exist to provide this treatment to all clients at a rape crisis center, the decision is made to provide it to only half the clients, so its effects can be compared to the effects of the center’s rou7ne services NEXT WEEK ETHICAL ISSUES – addi7onal readings & discussion RESEARCH PROCESS OVERVIEW - Con7nued RESEARCH PROBLEM FORMULATION LOCATING & USING ARTICLE DATABASES ...
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