33581-33591

33581-33591 - What can WHO do to control the epidemic of...

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Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion – www.who.int/chp/en Gojka Roglic World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland What can WHO do to control the epidemic of diabetes?
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Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion – www.who.int/chp/en The World Health Organization United Nations specialized agency for health Governed by 192 Member States Headquarters in Geneva Six regional offices Numerous country offices Support to member states to enhance the health of their populations
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Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion – www.who.int/chp/en The World Health Organization First World Health Assembly 1948 Priorities for the organization: Malaria Tuberculosis Venereal diseases Maternal and child health Sanitary engineering Nutrition Support to member states to enhance the health of their populations
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Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion – www.who.int/chp/en Examples of WHO activities Successful : Smallpox eradication 1977 Campaigns against yaws, endemic syphilis, leprosy, trachoma, malaria in Europe Control of cholera pandemic
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Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion – www.who.int/chp/en Examples of WHO activities Moderately successful, ongoing : Polio eradication (since 1988) Expanded programme on Immunization (since 1974) "3 by 5" initiative (antiretroviral therapy for 3 million people in low and middle-income countries by end of 2005)
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Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion – www.who.int/chp/en Examples of WHO activities Unsuccessful : Safe Motherhood Initiative (aim in 1987: reduce maternal morbidity & mortality by 50% by the year 2000)
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Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion – www.who.int/chp/en The comparative advantages of WHO are: - Neutral status - Nearly universal membership - Impartiality - Strong convening power - Normative and technical roles
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Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion – www.who.int/chp/en Three sources of funding WHO Programme budget Assessed Contributions and Miscellaneous Income (Regular budget ) Assessed Contributions and Miscellaneous Income (Regular budget ) Negotiated core voluntary contributions Negotiated core voluntary contributions Project-type voluntary contributions Project-type voluntary contributions
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Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion – www.who.int/chp/en 81 Member States 103 Member States at less than 0.01% 10 major contributors 77 % 22 % <1 % Assessed contributions to Regular Budget - 10 member states pay 77 %
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Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion – www.who.int/chp/en Top 10 Country contributions to WHO's Regular Budget 2008-09 in % 1- USA 22 % 2- Japan 16.6% 3- Germany 8.57% 4- UK + Northern Ireland 6.64% 5- France 6.30% 6- Italy 5.07% 7- Canada 2,97% 8- Spain 2,96% 9- China 2.66% 10- Mexico 2.25% Following countries: Republic of Korea 2.17% Netherlands 1.87% Australia 1.78% / Brazil 0.87% Switzerland 1.21%
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Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion – www.who.int/chp/en 81 Member States 103 Member States at less than 0.01% 10 major contributors 77 % 22 % <1 % Source of voluntary contributions 2006- 2007
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2012 for the course PHARM 300 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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33581-33591 - What can WHO do to control the epidemic of...

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